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发布时间:2021-04-08 20:02编辑:小狐阅读: 458次 手机阅读


1.calm/ quiet


① The sea is now calm. 海上现在风平浪静。

② He remained calm. 他保持镇静。


① Everything was quiet. 万籁俱寂。

② Ask them to keep quiet. 叫他们保持安静。

2.can/ be able to

Ⅰ. can “能”表过去或现在“能力所及”时,与be able to通用。如:

① He can / is able tospeak German. 他会说德语。

② He could / was able torun very fast when I was a boy. 我小时候就跑得很快。

Ⅱ. be able to的过去时还可表一种“经过努力做到了”的意思。而can的过去时则没有这种意义。如:

He started late, but he was able tocatch the eight oclock train. 他出发晚了,但他还是赶上了八点钟的火车。

Ⅲ.can通常只用于上述两种时态,而be able to则可用于各种时态。如:

He has not been able tocome since he got hurt.自从以后,他就一直未能前来。

Ⅳ.在表猜测时,只能用can,而不能用be able to,如:

That cantbe your bag. 那不可能是你的书包。

3.can/ may


① Can you swim across the Yangzi River? 你能横渡扬子江吗?

② He can speak English. 他会说英语。

③ I cant come at that time. 我不能在那个时候来。

④ Can the news be true? 这会是真的吗?

⑤ -----Cant I go? 我可不可以走?

-----You cannot!你不可以走。


① That may or may not be ture. 那可能是真的,也可能不是真的。

② He may be right. 他可能是对的。

③ You may take this book, I dont need it. 你可以拿走这本书,我不需要了。

④ May I go now? 我现在可以走了吗?

4.cap/ hat


① He always wears a blue cap. 他总是戴着一顶蓝帽子。

② How I wished I could have a cap, a real soldiers cap! 我多么想要一顶帽子,一顶真正的军帽!


① Hat in hand , he came towards me. 他手拿着帽子,向我走来。

② These hats are in fashion. 这些帽子很时髦。

5.care (about) / take care of/ care for

Ⅰ.take care of照料=look after,即指喂饭照看等。如:

① Nurses take care ofpatients in hospital.

① Mr Savage takes care of marketing and publicity. 萨维奇先生负责和宣传。

Ⅱ.care about表你是否认为某件事是重要的,某件事是否引起了你的兴趣或使你忧虑,常用于疑问句或否定句中,后接从句时,about一般都要省略。如:

I don’t care whether it rains, I’m happy. 我才不在乎下不下雨呢,我快活着呢。

Ⅲ.care for有以下几种意思


She spent the best years of her life caring for her sick father. 她把一生中最好的岁月都用来照料她那有病的父亲了。

2“关怀”“关心”如:care forthe younger generation 关怀年轻的一代

3“喜欢、愿意”多用在疑问句或否定句中【care for sb. to do sth.如:

① Would you care for a cup of tea? 你喜欢喝一杯茶吗?

② I don’t/shouldn’t care for him to read this letter. 我不愿让他看这封信。

6.carry on/ carry out/ carry through

Ⅰ.carry on的意思是“进行、继续”如:

① I tried tocarry ona conversation in English, but could not. 我想用英语进行谈话,但是力不从心。

② He told them to carry on. 他叫他们继续进行。

③ Carry on (with) your work. 继续你的工作。

Ⅱ.carry out的意思是“贯彻、执行;完成、实现”如:

① Sometimes its easy to make plans but difficult to carry them out. 有时候作计划容易而执行计划却很难。

② Our plan was carried out successfully. 我们的计划胜利地完成。

Ⅲ.carry through的意思是完成-----,将-----进行到底;使(人)战胜困难,渡过难关。如:

① Carrythe revolution through to the end. 将进行到底。

② His courage will carryhim through.他的勇气使他战胜困难,渡过难关。

7.cause/ reason


① Thecause of the fire was carelessness. 起火的原因是不小心。

② What was the cause of it?发生这事是原因何在?

③ Theres no cause for anxiety. 没有理由要焦虑(不必焦虑)


① I have no reasonfor it. 我没有理由这样做。

② Give your reason for changing the plan. 把你改变计划的理由讲一下。

8.centre/ middle


① Draw a circle round a given centre. 就指定的中心画一圆圈。

② We live in the centre of London. 我们住在伦敦市中心。

③ Beijing is the political, economic and cultural centre of China. 北京是中国的政治、经济和文化中心。


① In the middleof the room stands a table. 房间当中摆着一张桌子。

② He was standing in themiddleof the road. 他站在路中间。

③ It will be coming into bloom about the middleof next month. 它大约将在下月中开花。

9.certain/ sure




如:Manchester are certain/sureto win.The other team havent got a chance.曼彻斯特队肯定会赢。另一队连一点希望都没有

2 Before the game stared, Alan felt quite sure/certainof winning, but after the first five minutes he began to lose confidence. 比赛开始前,艾伦感到很有把握赢,但比赛了5分钟后他开始失去信心了。

10.certainly/ surely



① Surely thats a plain-clothes policeman. 那一定是一个便衣警察。=Can that really be a plain-policeman.

② Surely thats Henry over there? I thought he was in Scotland. 那边谅必是亨利,我还以为他在苏格兰呢?


Surely, you arent going out in that hat? 你决不会戴那顶帽子去吧。

Ⅱ. certainly表所了解的情况. 如:

Thats certainly a plain-clothes policeman. 那肯定是个便衣警察。说话者认出了他是个便衣,因为很有信心,肯定地说出了这句话。

11.chicken/ cock/ hen


① Chickenspip. 小鸡吱吱叫。

② He feeds 10,000 chickens on his farm.

③ We had chickenfor lunch.


① Cockscrow at dawn. 天亮时公鸡喔喔叫。


A hen cackles when she lays an egg. 母鸡生蛋时咯咯地叫。

【注】 鸡窝译为hen coop,鸡舍译为hen house。这里的hen笼统地代表鸡。

12.choose/ select/ elect


① You may choose from among them the one you like best. 你可以从它们中间挑选最喜欢的一个。

② Let me choosea book from among these. 让我从这些书中选一本。


I didnt chooseto go. 我不愿意去。


① The finest products were selected and sent to the exhibition. 选择了最好的产品送到展览会去。

② They were selected from among many applicants. 他们是从许多报名者当中挑选出来的。


They electedhim chairman. 他们选举他当主席。

这里如果改用choose/select,那就着重于选择的意义,不一定是正式选举,整个句子应为:Theychose him as their chairman.

【注】 pick一词也可以表示挑选、选择的意思,含有仔细挑选的意味,有时也表示任意挑选的意思。如:

Pick the best one. 挑选最好的吧。

13.city/ town


① Shanghai is a big city. 上海是一个大城市。

② Beijing is one of the oldestcities in the world. 北京是世界上最古老的城市之一。


① The town is on the bank of a river. 那个城市位于河边。

② Whould you rather live in a town or in the country?你喜欢住在城市还是农村?

14.pleasant / please / pleased /pleasing / pleasure

Ⅰ. pleasant 为形容词,“令人愉快的” “令人舒适的”主要指使人心满意足,将快乐给予他人的性格、活动氛围、状态或场合,也可用于事物。如

① She has a pleasant voice. 她的声音悦耳。

② The weather there is not very pleasant. 那儿的天气不太宜人。

Ⅱ. pleased为形容词,“感到高兴”,相当于glad 或 happy,后面可接不定式、at doing, with sth或 that 从句。

① We are very pleasedto see you here. 我们很高兴在这儿见到你。

② I am pleased thatthey have dedided to come. 我很高兴他们决定来。

③ He was pleased withmy progress.他对我的进步感到满意。

Ⅲ. pleasing “令人喜欢的;令人愉快的”主语一般是物。如①She has got a pleasing voice..她的声音很悦耳。

Ⅳ. Pleasure是名词,大多用于客套语中。如:

① I have had the pleasureof meeting your father before.我以前有幸见过令尊。

② --Will you lend me a hand? --With pleasure. 请你帮一下忙好吗? 好的。

Ⅴ. please 是及物动词,常用于祈使句语气,意为“请”

Pleasegive me a cup of tea. 请给我一杯茶。

【注】口语中,Yes, please! 好的,谢谢!对应 No, thanks.不用了,谢谢!

15.clever/ wise/ bright/ smar



① He is a clever boy.

② Thata acleverplan.


① a wise saying 至理名言

② a wise leader 英明的领袖


the bright boy is reading English in the bright room.


You cant cheat him, because he is a smart boy.你骗不了他,因为他是个聪明的孩子。

16.climate/ weather


① The climate here is bad. 这儿气候恶劣。

② The climate of China is very enjoyable spring. 中国春天的气候很宜人。


① What is the weather like today? 今天天气整样?

② I will come if I can, but it depends on the weather. 如果可能我一定来,但要看天气如何。

17.close/ near/ nearby/ next to

Ⅰ. close “接近的,靠近”还有“亲密的,密切的”含义,用法与near类似,可指距离上、时间上或次序上紧接。也可用于引申含义,表关系或感情上的“亲近的”,可用作形容词或副词。如:

① Mothers Day is close (=near) . 母亲节快到了。

② They are sitting quite close(=near) to each other. 他们坐得很靠近。

③ She and I are close friends.她和我是亲密的朋友。

【注】near当作形容词时,与close含义和用法相同,表距离近,都用be near / close to +地点。但close只能作形容词,而near还可作介词使用,此时near不可再与to搭配。如:

①I live near (=close to)the factory.

Ⅱ. nearby 主要指空间上的附近,一般指较大范围。可用作形容词、副词或介词。如:

① They live in the nearbyvillage. 他们住在附近的村庄。

② There was a traffic accident nearby. 在附近发生了一起车祸。

Ⅲ. next to意思是“与…相邻,紧靠着”be close to很接近,但next to强调距离上“紧邻”

① Our school is next to a supermarket. 我们学校紧挨着一家超市。

② Our school is close to a supermarket. 我们学校距离一家超市很近。

18.close/ shut


① Did you close all the doors and windows? 你把所有的门窗都关了吗?

② Close your eyes. 把眼睛闭上。

③ Do you mind if I close this window? 我把这窗子关起来好吗?

Ⅱ.shut的意思是“关、关闭”常常可与close通用,但它比close意味较强。比如说toclose adoor or gate时,仅指把门关上;而说toshuta door or gate时,则可以进而指用门闩、插销或其它东西把门关住。此外,shut 还往往不如close正式。如:

① They shutthe doors and windows. 他们关住了门窗。

② Shut the box. 把箱子关起来。

③ Shutthe door after you. 随手关门。

19.Chinese / of China

Ⅰ. Chinese “中国式的,具有中国特色的”作形容词时只能作前置定语。主要从物与物的角度看待事物。如:

I like Chinese food. 我喜欢中国风味的食品。

Ⅱ. of China “中国的;属于中国的”为所有格式,表所属关系。作后置定语。

Please show me a map of China. 请给我拿幅中国地图。

20.colth/clothes/ clothing/ dress/suit

Ⅰ. cloth指做衣服等用的布料,如“布;毛料”等,是不可数名词。表达“一块布料”应说a piece of cloth,如:

① Different kinds of cloth are produced in that factory. 那家工厂生产各种各样的布料。

② My aunt bought me two pieces of cloth yesterday. 我姑妈昨天给我买两块布。

③ 但是,用于表达特殊用途的布时,如“台布;揩布”等,cloth是可数名词。如:Pass me a tablecloth, please.请递给我一块台布。

Ⅱ. clothes “衣服”没有单数形式,不能单独与数词直接搭配。如不能说hour clothes,但可以说many/ these/ a few clothes,它总是以复数形式出现,因此只能说: The clothes are…如:

① All of her clotheswere made by her mother. 她所有的衣服都是她母亲做的。

② There are many new clothes on sale. 有许多新衣服出售。

Ⅲ. clothing意思也是“衣服”, 但它与clothes不同,不是指具体的和件件的衣服,而是指衣着的整体而言。如:

① They were all in their summer clothing. 他们都穿夏天的服装。

② Each child has ample clothing. 每个孩子都有足够的衣服。

Ⅳ. dress 通常指外面穿的衣服。一般指妇女和儿童服装,还指礼服或某种特殊的服装。是可数名词。如:

① Whos that girl in red dress? 穿红衣服的那位姑娘是谁?

② What size dress do you wear? 你穿几号衣服?

③ He doesnt care much about dress? 他不太讲究衣着。他不讲穿

④ He is in full dress. 他穿着礼服。

Ⅴ. suit 通常指用同样布料或衣料做成的一套衣服。如:

① She was wearing a red suit. 她穿着一套红西装。

② He wanted very much to get a new suit and throw off his old clothes. 他很想买一套新衣服,好赶快脱掉他的旧衣服。

21.collect/ gather


① He gathered his books and notebooks. 他把书和笔记本收集在一起。

② She gathered the children round her. 她把孩子们聚集在她的周围。

③ A crowd soon gatheredround him. 一群人很快就聚集在他的周围。

④ He is gathering information. 他在搜集。


① He is collecting material for a book. 他正在聚集写书的资料。

② I have collected some famous pictures. 我收集了一些名画。

③ A crowd soon collected when there was a car accident. 发生了车祸的时候,立即就有一群人聚拢起来。

22.college/ institute/ university


① There are many collegesat Oxford and Cambridge. 牛津大学和剑桥大学有很多学院。

② There are several teachers colleges in Jiangsu Province. 江苏省有几所师范学院。

Ⅱ.institute也可以表示学院的意思,但它通常指专科性(专门的)学院,如外语学院(institute of foreign languages)体育学院(physical culture institute)航空学院(aeronautical engineering institute)等,如:

① He graduated from an institute of foreign trade. 他是外贸学院毕业的。

② She is a student of a chemical engineering institute.她是化工学院的学生。


He graduated from Yale in 1915.他1915年从耶鲁大学毕业。

Ⅰ. competition “比赛、竞争”指体能、技术、能力的竞争。

He won a drawing competition. 他在图画比赛中获胜。

Ⅱ. game “比赛”指有一定规则,且决定胜负的脑力和体力劳动的“竞技”如:

There is going to be a football game tomorrow afternoon.

Ⅲ. match多指网球、足球、高尔夫球等运动项目的“比赛”

The golf match will he held tomorrow morning.

① He has completedhis task. 他已完成他的工作。

② The railway is not completed yet. 铁路尚未完工。


① Have you finishedyour work yet? 你的工作做完了没有?

② I finishedreading the book last night. 我昨晚看完了这本书。

③ The picture is finished. 这幅画画好了。

25.conceal/ hide

Ⅰ. conceal “隐藏、隐瞒”常与hide通用;但比hide正式些,多指有意将某事物隐藏起来或不予以泄漏。它只用作及物动词。如:

① The box was concealed under the bed.箱子是藏在床底下的。

② He concealedhis moteves. 他隐瞒了他的动机。

Ⅱ. hide “隐藏、掩盖、躲藏”为普通用语。指有意或无意地将某物(或人)藏(躲)在人们不易看到或发现的地方。可作及物动词和不及物动词。如:

① Where did you hideit? 你把它藏到哪里了?

② He cannot hide the truth. 他不能掩盖真相。

③ The moon was hideenby the clouds. 月亮被云彩遮住了。

26.cost/ spend/ pay/ take

Ⅰ.cost指某东西“值…钱”“需要花费…钱/ 精力”等,它的主语一般为表示东西的名词,不能为表示人的名词,作及物动词和名词。可接双宾语,无被动语态。如:

① Ill bet that dress cost a thousand dollars.我敢说那件衣服得花1000美元。

② The chair cost me thirty yuan.这把椅子花了我30元。

③ The building of the dam cost many lives. 修建这个水坝使许多人丧生。使花某种代价使损失

④ Bad driving may costyou your life.开车技术不行可能使你丢掉性命。

⑤ 作名词时意为“花费;成本”→The cost of the house was too high for me.这房子的价钱太高,我买不起。


① at all costs不惜一切代价,→The officer told the soldiers that they must defend the townat all costs. 军官对士兵们说要不惜一切代价保卫这座城市。

② at the cost of以…为代价。

→1. He finished the work at the cost ofhis health. 他完成了这项工作,但失去了健康。

→2. She saved him from fire, but at the cost ofher own life. 她从火中把他救出,但她自己却牺牲了。

③ cost of living 生活费用。

As the cost of livinggoes up my standard of living goes down. 生活费用越上涨,我的生活水准越降低。

Ⅱ.spend的主语经常是 , 用来表示人花钱买东西或花时间做某事。

人+spend+时间/金钱+on sth.

人+spend+时间/金钱+(in)doing sth.如:

① I spend 5 yuan on the book.我买这书花五元钱。

② The boy spent 10 minutes drawing a dog.那个男孩花了10分钟画一只狗。

Ⅲ.pay “支付,花费”主语只能是人且只用于花费金钱,其结构是: pay + sb + some money + for sth.“为…付给某人多少钱” 其中的人、钱、事,可以根据具体情况取舍。如:

① I paid(him)5 yuan. 我付(给他)5元钱。

② I paidhim 5 yuan for the book. 我买那本书付给了他五元钱。

③ I paidhim for the book. 我买那本书付给了他钱。

④ I paidfor the book. 我付了那本书的钱。


其常用结构为:It +take(各种时态)+time/money+to do sth.

It took me three hours to finish the work.

27.country/ state/ nation

Ⅰ. country “国家”着重指疆土而言。“乡下、农村”相当于countryside,但它指风景而言。如:

① This country is in the south of Europe. 这个国家在欧洲南部。

② Germany and France are European countries. 德国和是欧洲国家。

③ The countryside around Nanjing is beautiful at this time of the year.

Ⅱ. state “国家”着重指政权而言。如:

① Id like to borrow a copy of “The State and Revolution”.我想借一本《国家与》

② The state is an organ of violence at service of class rule. 国家是阶级统治的暴力机器。

Ⅲ. nation “国家”着重指人民而言。如:

Two friendly nations support each other. 两个友好国家互相支持。

28.crazy/ mad

Ⅰ. crazy “发狂的、糊涂的、狂热的”常指由于忧虑、悲伤、欣喜、渴望、激动等某种强烈的情绪而引起的一种心神错乱、失去控制的精神状态。如:

① He was crazy with joy. 他欣喜若狂。

② You are crazyto do such a thing. 你干这样的事真糊涂。

③ The boy is crazy on (or about) skating. 那孩子对溜冰着了迷。

Ⅱ. mad “发狂的、发疯的”通常指精神狂乱完全不能自我控制的一种病态。在口语中它也表示由于某种强烈的情绪而失常。如:

① The poor fellow is mad. 这个可怜的人是疯子。

② The dog has gone mad. 这条狗疯了。

③ This worry is enough to drive me mad. 这烦恼足以使我发狂。

④ He is mad about the stage. 他迷恋于舞台生活。

29.crop/ harvest

Ⅰ. crop “收成”指谷物、水果、蔬菜等一年或一季的收成 它表示“农作物、庄稼”的意思。如:

① The rice crop was very good this year. 今年稻子的收成很好。

② The rice bears two crops every year. 稻子一年收两次。

③ It is harmful to growing crops. 这对于正在生长的农作物有害。

Ⅱ. harvest “收成、收获”多指谷物的收成,也指水果、蔬菜等的收成;有时指收割行为。也可用于借喻,指行动或行为的结果。如:

① Rich harvests have been gathered in for several years running. 连续几年获得了丰收。可用crops代替

② The summer harvest is about to start. 夏收即将开始。

③ He reaped the harvest of his hard work. 他获得了辛勤劳动的成果。

30.crossing/ turning

Ⅰ. crossing “交叉点、十字路口”

Ⅱ. turning “路的拐弯处”如:

Take the second crossing / turning on the left. 在第二个十字路口/ 拐弯处向左拐。

31.cry/ shout/ exclaim

Ⅰ. cry “叫、喊”,常指因痛、痛苦、恐惧等而叫喊,仅表示某种感情而不表达思想。它有时也指用言语高声叫喊,如表祈求。如:

① He criedwith pain. 他痛得叫了起来。

② “Help! Help!” he cried. “救命啊!救命啊!”他高声地叫喊。

Ⅱ. shout “叫喊”,指表达思想的高声叫喊或说话。有时是用以表示高兴、痛、痛苦或惊恐等,有时是用于发出命令、提出警告或要别人注意。如:

① I shouted to him, but he was out of hearing. 我对他呼喊,但他听不到。

② He shouted with pain. 他大声叫痛。

Ⅲ. exclaim “叫喊”指因高兴、痛苦、愤怒、惊讶等而突然地、感情激烈地高声叫喊。如:

① What! he exclaimed Are you leaving without me?什么?他喊道,你要丢下我离去吗?

②They exclaimed with one voice. 他们齐声呼喊。

32.cup/ glass

Ⅰ. cup “杯子”通常指带柄的瓷杯,用以喝茶、牛奶、咖啡或可乐等等。如:

① The cup stands on the table.杯子放在桌子上。

② Will you have another cup of tea? 你要再喝一杯茶吗?

Ⅱ. glass “杯子”用以饮酒、或喝等。如:

① The glassis broken to pieces. 这只玻璃杯打碎了。

② He drank two gasses of milk. 他喝了两杯牛奶。

33.dear/ expensive/ high/;cheap/low

Ⅰ. dear表示“贵”的意思时和cheap相对,指索价过高。主语是物。如:

① It is too dear. 这太贵了。

② The flowers were not dear. 这些花我贵。

Ⅱ. expensive “昂贵的”,指超过物品的价值或购买者的购买力。主语是物。如:

① It is too expensivefor me to buy. 这东西太贵了我买不起。

② This is an expensive hat. 这是一顶价钱昂贵的帽子。

Ⅲ. highlow相对,主语是价格(the price) 如:

① The price of the pen is not low for him. 这支钢笔对于他来说不便宜。

34. decide/ determine/ make up ones mind


① Nothing has been decidedyet.什么都没有决定下来。

② They decided to accept the invetation. 他们决定接受邀请


① We determined on an early start.我们决定尽早出发。

② He has determined to learn English. 他已下决心学英语。

③ We are determinedto get the work done before May Day. 我们决心要在五一节前完成这项工作。

Ⅲ.make up ines mind “决定、决心”,是和犹豫不决等相对应的用语。意即:打定主意。如:

① He made up his mindto go there at once. 他决定立刻到那儿去。

② He has made up his mind to be a dotctor. 他决心当医生。

35.deep/ deeply


① They lived deep in the sea.他们深潜海里。

② I’m deeply sory for your uncle’s death. 为你叔叔的去世我深表遗憾。

36.defend/ protect

Ⅰ. defend “保卫、保护、捍卫”指采取积极措施以抵御或击退外来的威胁或攻击。它还可以表示“为…辩护”如:

① It is the duty of every citizen to defend his country.保卫祖国是每一个公民的职责。

② He defended his comrades from harm. 他保护同志使其不害。

③ They defended the fundamental principles of Marxism-Leninism. 他们捍卫了列宁主义的基本原则。

④ He made a long speech definding his ideas. 他发表长篇演说为他的见解辩护。

Ⅱ. protect “保护”指采取措施,使之不害或损害。如:

① The government protects the peoples interests.政府保护人民的利益。

② He built a fence to protect his garden. 他围起了篱笆以保护园子。

37.department store/ shop/ store

Ⅰ. department store “百货公司”原是美国用法,现在英也用了。不过英也把百货公司叫stores.如:

① Im going to the department store. 我要到百货公司去。

② I get most things at the stores. 大部分东西我是在百货公司买的。

【注】:在美国,杂货商店(铺)叫grocery 或drugstore.


① The shop opens at eight oclock. 商店八点钟开门。

② The shop sells embroideries.那家商店出售刺绣品。

在美国,零售店一般叫store. 如:

① He keeps a store in New Youk. 他在纽约开了一个商店。

② The wares in that store are dear. 那家店里的东西很贵。

38.desire/ wish/ want/ hope/ expect

Ⅰ. desire“想、希望”等意。着重表强烈的愿望,热切的心情。如:

① I desiredto see you. 我很想见见你。

② He desired success. 他渴望成功。

Ⅱ. wish语气不如desire强,且可以表示一种不能实现的愿望,从句动词有虚拟语气形式后接“不定式”或“代词/名词+不定式”结构。所表示的“希望”大体是可以实现的;此外,还可以接双宾语,表“祝愿”或表委婉的语气。如:

① I wishI could fly to the moon in a spaceship one day. 但愿有一天我能坐宇宙飞船飞向月球。

② I wishI wereyou.但愿我是你就好了。

③ We wish to visit Yanan. 我希望能参观延安。

④ We wish you to be happy. 我希望你幸福。

⑤ I wishyou a long life. 祝你长寿。

⑥ I wish you success. 祝你成功。

⑦ We can begin to work at once now if you wish(不及物动词)要是你愿意,我们现在可以立刻开始工作。

Ⅲ. want “想”其搭配关系为:want to do sth. Or want sb to do sth.比较口语化,没有wish那样正式。如:

She wants me to do with her.

Ⅳ. hope表对愿望的实现抱有一定的信心。后接“不定式;that 从句。”但不能接 双宾语。

① I hopeto be a doctor. 我希望当一名医生。

② I hopeshe will be well again. 我希望她会痊愈。

Ⅴ.expect “期待、盼望、预料”等,指对某一特定的事件的发生抱有颇大的信心。如:

① We are expectinga letter from her. 我们当时正期待着她的来信。

39.desk/ table

Ⅰ. Desk “课桌、书桌、写字台”指读书、写字或办公用的桌子。如:

There are fifty desks in the classroom. 教室里有50张课桌。

Ⅱ. table “桌子、台”,指供吃饭、游戏、工作或安放其他各种东西的桌子或台子。它的广义包括desk在内。如:

We all sat at the same table.我们同桌吃饭。

40. develop/ developing/ developed


The child is developingwell. 这孩子发育很好。


① China is a developingcountry. 中国是一个发展中国家。


Japan ia a developed country. 是一个发达国家。





compare with

vt. 与...相比(同...比较起来)

instead of

prep. 代替,而不是...

first of all


on duty

值班, 当班

in front of


on time

adv. 准时

depend on

vt. 依赖(依靠, 取决于, 随...而定)

be full of

prep. 充满(有很多的)

of course


on the one hand


be known for

prep. 因...而众所周知

turn on

打开, 拧开 v. 反对, 攻击

a few

有些, 几个 pron. 一些(用于可数名词之前)

not any more

不再(=no more)

fill with

使 ... 充满

according to

prep.按照, 根据, 取决于

have classes


add up to


as for

至于, 关于

take a break


go ahead

开始, 前进, 领先

plenty of

adj. 很多的

be fond of

爱好, 喜欢

out of breath


kind of


by chance

偶然, 碰巧

thousands of

数千的 ...

have something in common


do well in

在 ... 方面干得好

run out of


on vacation


how far

离 ... 多远,到什么程度

one by one


hand in

交上, 递交

check in


take a message


hear from

v. 接到...的信, 受...批评

such as

例如, 诸如

deal with

讨论, 处理, 涉及,对付,与...做生意

because of

因为, 由于

leave out

vt. 省去(不考虑,离开,结束一天的工作)

make a face


ask for

请求, 要求

have supper


get into trouble

陷入困境, 惹上麻烦

less than

不到, 少于

once upon a time


go for a walk


help with

帮助某人做 ...

thanks to

由于,多亏 prep. 由于,归功于

put out

vt. 熄灭,用,发表,促销生产,激怒 vi. 出发,努力

cut out


a lot of


cut off

vt. 切断, 使隔绝, 使中止 vi. 停止运转

so far


with pleasure

愉快地, 高兴地, 十分愿意

have to

必须, 不得不

aim at


just now


cheer up

高兴起来, 振作起来 vi. 使高兴起来 vt. 使高兴, 使振奋

take away

vt. 拿走(减去, 解除)

what about

对于 ... 怎么样

try on


cut in

n. 切入(加载,连接,时差,超车,字幕)

go off

vi. ,爆发,走开,衰退,进行,发声

get married


grow up

长大, 成长

laugh at

嘲笑, 因...而笑

agree with

赞同, 同意,适合于

on display

adj. 公开展出

next to


look out

留神, 注意

once again


in order to

prep. 为了

a pair of

一对, 一双

send up


fall asleep


come on

v. 突然产生, 要求, 成为...负担, 偶遇, 跟着来, 开始, 出台, 上演 快点, 赶快

no more


make up ones mind

v.下决心,接受,承认 决定

one after another


talk to


look after

vt. 目送(寻求, 照料, 看管)

try ones best


go to a movie


fill out


be strict with

对 ... 要求严格

take photos


be proud of


learn from


be up to

knock on


all right

不错, 好, 行

get together


hand out

vt. 分发,散发,给与

before long


far from

adv. 远离(远远不)

care for

vt. 关心(喜欢,介意)

in a word


at last

终于, 最后

be busy doing


wake up

v. 醒来,叫醒

after all

adv. 毕竟,到底,究竟

ahead of time


no longer


each other

pron. 互相, 各自

all over

到处, 遍及

ought to

conj. 应当

give out


at first

adv. 最初(首先,开始时)

as usual

像往常一样, 照例

hang up


make friends with

v. 与...交友 与...交朋友,和睦

take out

vi. 取出(自动取出装置)

pick up

vt. 捡起,收集,继续,得到

all kinds of


talk about

谈论, 谈到

fall down


get back

vi. 返回(取回,收回)

drop in


get dressed


be careful with

vt. 注意(照顾)

from then on


make a difference

有影响, 起(重要)作用

work out

vt. &vi. 可以解决, 设计出, 作出, 计算出, 消耗完

be interested in


and so on


millions of

成百万的, 许许多多的

look for


on the other hand


on business


both and

既 ... 又 ..., 两个都

take after


in the evening


by mistake


write down

vt. 写下(把...描写成,减低面价值)

by bus


once more


look through

v.看穿, 审核, 浏览, 温习, 从...中显露, 彻底

a lot


have a look


leave a message


be friendly to


take a walk


let down


how many


make mistakes


have fun


fill in

v. 填写

not at all


call up

n. 召唤(召集,使人想起,打电话给,应征入伍,提出议案)

in the end

终于, 最后

keep away from

远离, 回避

how much


add to


in the afternoon


be busy with

adj. 忙于

get on


take notes

vi. 记笔记

take a holiday


be good for

对 ... 有好处

at the age of


later on


call on

vt. 号召(约请, 访问)

be made from


break down

vt. 打破, 减轻, 把...分解 vi. 彻底失败, 崩溃, 停止运转, 放弃, (数据, 观点等)站不住脚

a set of


join in

参加, 加入

go over

检查,重做,复习 vi. 前去,的,获得同意

give away

vi. 送掉(泄露,放弃,分配,出卖)

talk with


set up

vi. 建立

bring up

vt. 养育,引起突然停下,提到;呕吐 vi. 停下

give in

屈服, 让步,呈交

make up

play with


point to

指向, 意味着

put away

vt. 处理掉(吃, 把...收好, 拿开, 排斥)

how long


in fact

其实, 事实上

even if

即使, 虽然

get through

vt. 结束(做完, 通过, 到达)

in the morning


go home


send for

vt. 派人去请(派人去拿)

turn down


even though


have a cold


a little

adj. 一点少许,略微,稍用于不可数名词之前

make effort


out of work


the other day


take time


a number of

许多, 若干

write to


wait for

等候, 等待

look like


believe in

相信, 信任

bring out

vt. 使出现(出版,初次参加社交活动)推出

arrive in

到达, 抵达

come up with

v.提出 v.想出

be late for


in class


at home


think of

vt. 想到(考虑, 想象, 设想, 打算, 出主意)

regard as


on fire

着火, 在兴头上

keep off

不接近, 避开

by accident


compare to

把…比作, 喻为; 与…相比

the same as


be able to

会,能 v. 能够

turn up


keep fit


get off

1. 离开; 动身2. 发出3. (使)免受处分4. (使)入睡5. 停止工作6. 记住; 背诵7. 下(车、马等)

lots of


think about


shout at


take off

脱掉;起飞;使离开; 突然成功

a kind of


for example


at most

adv. 至多(不超过)

fall in love




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