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考研英语,120篇题源外刊赏读,提出问题零工的福利得不到保障

发布时间:2021-02-25 17:08编辑:小狐阅读: 132次 手机阅读

金融时报

Look for new start-ups to provide gig worker benefit

本文《金融时报》2019年2月6日的一篇文章,针对“零工缺乏工作福利保障”的问 题了一项可行的解决方案。主要亮点:①聚焦当下热门话题“零工经济(the gig economy)”并针对零工福利问题提出了具有启发性的建议。

脉络:

提出问题“零工的福利得不到保障”第一、二 段—基于常规解决方案不可行而给出可行建议“鼓励开办专门零工福利的公司”第 三 至 五 段—补充建议“改进劳动法规,助力新型零工状态的产生”第六、七段—总结观点“实现工作灵 活和福利双重保障”需要时间但十分必要第八段

Ⅰ App-based marketplaces like Uber and Lyft have revolutionised the way people find work and earn income. Workers today can choose many kinds of short-term and flexible jobs, whenever they want or need.

Ⅱ Yet, this flexibility comes at a cost. Most of these “gig workers” while they earn income, do not receive benefits, including healthcare, life insurance, disability insurance and pensions. For this new way of working to be a net positive for workers, the ensuing and emerging gap for traditional employment benefits will need to be filled.

Ⅲ There are three potential options for filling this gap. A public solution would see governments step in to provide these benefits. That seems unlikely in the current climate, particularly in countries such as the US. A private solution would have companies start to treat their gig workers like employees and provide full benefits. But given the costs involved, analysts expect Uber, Lyft and most other companies, to refuse unless they are forced to by new laws or regulations.

Ⅳ That means that in the short term, gig workers will have to carry the cost of their own benefits. That creates an opening for the third possibility: a new set of for-profit businesses could emerge to provide benefits tailored to gig workers.

Ⅴ These private companies could find it very attractive to offer, on an aggregate basis, lower cost options for healthcare, workers compensation and retirement savings that individual gig workers would never be able to negotiate on their own. Further, these companies could come up with innovative products aimed at these workers, including loans designed for individuals with intermittent but predictable income, or tools for running freelancer businesses. If governments ually require gig platforms to step in and cover partial benefits, the start-ups would be well positioned to profit from helping them.

Ⅵ Given how work has evolved, labour regulations must change as well. The existing work contract needs to be reimagined to extend beyond the typical categories of self-employed, full-time or part-time. This new “gig status” would be designed to protect flexible work (the reason people pursued gig work in the first place) while providing some economic protection, enabling them to weather financial shocks and provide a path to longer term economic stability.

Ⅶ Under this scenario, workers would receive select benefits like health or disability insurance without compromising their employment status. Right now, the receipt of any type of “benefits” often triggers an official employment relationship requiring individuals to work more hours, losing their flexibility.

Ⅷ It will take time to develop and implement a new framework that strikes the right balance between flexibility and economic security. We know that work brings more than just income: it also provides dignity, purpose and social connections. A reimagined work contract would allow every worker to achieve their full potential, on their own terms.

词汇短语

1. revolutionize 【ˌrevəˈluːʃənaɪz】 v.彻底改变,使彻底变革

2. gig worker 零工,临时工

3. benefit 【ˈbenɪfɪt】 n.福利,补贴

4. ensuing 【ɪnˈsjuːɪŋ】 a.随后的

5. emerging 【ɪˈmɜːdʒɪŋ】 a.新兴的,新出现的

6. step in 介入,干预

7. climate 【ˈklaɪmɪt】 n.氛围,形势

8. opening 【ˈəʊpənɪŋ】 n.机遇,良机

9. tailor 【ˈteɪlə】 v.定做,根据需要制作

10. intermittent 【ɪntəˈmɪtənt】 a.断断续续的,间歇的

11. start-up 【ˈstɑːtʌp】 n.初创公司

12. aggregate 【ˈæɡrɪɡət】 a.总计的,合计的

13. reimagine 【riːɪˈmædʒɪn】 v.重新构想

14. weather 【ˈweðə】 v.经受住,平安度过

15. select 【sɪˈlekt】 a.精选的,挑选出的

16. compromise 【ˈkɒmprəmaɪz】 v.妥协,让步

17. on ones own terms 按照某人自己的意愿

长难句语法点拨

考研英语,120篇题源外刊赏读,提出问题零工的福利得不到保障(图1)

本句主干为the ensuing and emerging gap will need to be filled. gap后用介词短语作后置定语修饰,句前为for表目的。

写作句型借鉴

There are three potential options for doing sth.A public solution would do sth.A private solution would do sth. …That creates an opening for the third possibility: …

要…,有三种可能的选项。公共解决方案是…;民间解决方案则是…;…这为第三种可能创造了机会:…

本篇逐段翻译点评、逻辑梳理、关键词等

120篇题源外刊赏读

22考研英语题源外刊精讲精析

英语

黄皮书名师团队,基础、提升、冲刺全覆盖

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