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开学季,牛津版八年级下册的重点单词,+,重点句型,+,重点语法,+,Ekwing,独家

发布时间:2021-02-25 23:00编辑:小狐阅读: 640次 手机阅读

亲爱的老师们 ♥

又双叒叕到了开学季,我们为大家梳理了 牛津版八年级下册的重点单词、短语、句型、语法和话题作文!

★重点单词

1.used to do sth 过去常常做某事

2.in the northern part of ... 在…的北部

3.get married 结婚

4.since then 从那时起

5.over the years 多年以来

6.in some ways 在某种程度上

7.from time to time 有时

8.feel lonely 感到孤独

10. take a bus 坐公交车

11. go to school 去上学

12. turn ... into ... 把…变成…

13. put ... into ... 把…放进…

14. know sth very well 对某事很了解

15. take action to do sth 采取行动做某事

16. move away 搬走

17. by bike 骑自行车

18. all ones life 一生

19. a bit 一点

20. take place 发生

21. be / get used to 习惯于

22. on ones own 独自地

23. on both sides 在两边

24.clean and fresh air 干净新鲜的空气

25.living conditions 生存环境

26.railway station 火车站

27.return from ... 从…返回

28.go abroad 出国

30.much easier 更容易

★词语点将台

★since

1. since 作介词,意为“自…以来”后接表示时间的名词或短语,通常与现在完成时连用,如例句 1。

2. since 作连词,意为“自从…”引导时间状语从句,此时从句常用一般过去时,如例句2。

3. since 作连词,意为“由于;既然”引导原因状语从句,此时它引导的从句多位于主句前,如例句 3。

例句

1. Kelly has worked in this city since six years ago.

六年来凯莉一直在这个城市工作。

2. I havent seen him since Jackson left the hometown.

自从杰克逊离开家乡,我就再没有见过他。

3. Since it“s raining heavily, let”s take the umbrella.

既然雨下得太大,咱们带上伞吧。

★waste

1. waste 作名词,意为“废料;”是不可数名词,如例句 1。

2. waste 作名词,还可意为“浪费”不可数,但可与不定冠词连用,its a waste of time /money doing sth 是其常用结构,意为“做某事是浪费时间 / 金钱的”如例句 2。

3. waste 作动词,意为“浪费”常用结构:wastentime / money on sth 或者 waste time / money(in) doing sth,意为“浪费时间或金钱做某事”如例句 3 和 4。

例句

1. Dont throw the waste into the lake.

别把垃圾往湖里扔。

2. It“s a waste of money buying things you don”tlike.

买一些你不喜欢的东西简直是浪费金钱。

3. Youre wasting your time in watching TV.

看电视是在浪费你的时间。

4. Dont waste your time on some meaning lessthings.

不要把你的时间浪费在一些毫无意义的事情上。

★interview

1. interview 作名词,意为“会见,采访”常用搭配:have an interview with sb 表示“采访或会见某人”如例句 1。

2. interview 作名词,还可意为“面试”如例句2。

3. interview 作动词,意为“采访”如例句 3。

例句

1. Were going to have an interview with Mrs Greennext week.

下周我们将要会见格林夫人。

2. Don“t be late for your interview, or you won”tget the job.

面试不要迟到,否则你就得不到这份工作了。

3. Many reporters are interviewing the mayor ofthe city.

许多记者正在采访这个城市的市长。

现在完成时

点拨

★ 定义:表示过去发生并且已经完成的动作对现在造成的影响或后果,过去某一时间开始并一直持续到现在并且有可能还会持续的动作或状态。

★ 基本结构:主语 + have / has + 动词的过去分词(done)

①肯定句:主语 + have / has +(过去分词)done +其他。

②否定句:主语 + have / has + not +(过去分词)done + 其他。

③一般疑问句:Have / Has + 主语 +(过去分词)done + 其他?

④特殊疑问句:特殊疑问词或词组 + 一般疑问句 (have / has + 主语 + 过去分词 + 其他)

★ 基本用法:

例句

I have eaten all of my candies.

含义是:现在我没有糖果吃了。

② 现在完成时表示动作从过去的某一时刻开始一直延续到现在,往往和表示一段时间的状语连用。

例句

Mrs Green has lived in the city for three years.

格林夫人已经在这个城市住了三年。

★ 时间状语:

① 现在完成时在强调动作产生的后果和影响时,可以和一些表示不确定的时间状语连用,如:yet, just, never, already, ever, before,recently, once, twice, so far, by now 等,其中ever, yet 常用于疑问句和否定句,already 多

用于肯定句。

例句

John has visited Paris three times.

约翰去过巴黎三次。

Alice has never got first prize before.

爱丽丝以前从来没得过第一名。

② 现在完成时可以和带有 since 或 for 等表示“一段时间”的状语连用,表示动作或状态从某一时刻开始,一直持续到现在。

例句

My parents have been away from China sinceten years ago.

我的父母自从十年前就离开中国了。

★写作一招鲜

Step 1 写作任务

请以“My life has changed a lot”为题,写一篇短文介绍你生活中的变化。要求条理清楚,意思连贯,语句通顺,标点正确。不少于 80 词。

Step 2 抛砖引玉

可能用到的词(组)change、 past、program、 miss、 understand 、used to、spend ... doing、 be busy doing、prepare for、 make great progress、take place

Step 3 思路点拨

开学季,牛津版八年级下册的重点单词,+,重点句型,+,重点语法,+,Ekwing,独家(图1)

Step 4 范文展示

My life has changed a lot

My life has changed a lot. I used to havemuch time to play, but now I have to studyall day. I spent most of my time playingsports in the past, but now I have to stay athome and do my homework. I used to listento music programs, but now Im oftenbusy preparing for tests. I miss the olddays. However, I understand that, by studyinghard, I can learn something new and makegreat progress.

In a word, many changes have taken placein my life.

★重点单词

1.go to ... for ones holiday 去某地度假

2.get ready 准备好

3.enjoy oneself 玩得开心

4.later in the afternoon 傍晚时分

5.move at high speed 高速运行

6.hurry to 匆忙去(某地)

7.cartoon characters 卡通人物

8. such as 例如

9. on the way 在路上

10. cant stop doing sth 忍不住做某事

11. take photos 拍照

12. a couple of 一对;几个;几件

13. at the end of 在…的末尾

14. in front of 在…的前面

15. run after 追逐

16. do some shopping 购物

17.places of natural beauty 自然美景胜地

18.all year round 全年;常年

19.on cold and snowy days 在寒冷多雪的日子

20.the Window of the World 世界之窗

21.the May Day holiday 五一假

22.water sports 水上运动

23.main points 要点

24.在一年的那个时刻 at that time of year

25.海滨城市 seaside cities

26.出差 on business

27.中国园林 Chinese gardens

28.乘直达航班去… take a direct flight to ...

29.动身前往… leave for ...

30.三个半小时 three and a half hours

31.在第三天 on the third day

32.非常有趣 great fun

33.主题公园 theme park

34.将来有一天 some day

★词语点将台

★miss

1. miss 用作及物动词,意为“想念”如例句 1,还可意为“错过”如例句 2。

2. missing 用作形容词,意为“找不到的;丢失的”如例句 3。

例句

1. Well miss you after you leave.

你离开之后,我们会想念你的。

2. I missed the exciting basketball match lastnight.

昨晚我错过了那场令人激动的篮球比赛。

3. The police didnt find the missing child.

警察没有找到那个失踪的孩子。

★speed

1. speed 作名词,意为“速度”如例句 1。

2.“at a speed of ”是固定搭配,意思是“以…的速度”如例句 2;with a ...speed 意为“以…的速度”speed 之前常用 high, surprising, safe, slow 等词

修饰,如例句 3。

例句

1. Drivers should reduce the speed becauseof heavy fog.

雾太大了,司机应该减慢速度。

2. Its very dangerous to drive at a speed of80 kilometers an hour in the city centre.

在市中心以每小时 80 公里的速度行驶是非常危险的。

3. He ran out of the classroom with a highspeed.

他以很快的速度跑出了教室。

★ride

1. ride 作动词,意为“骑(车)乘坐”如例句1。

2. ride 作可数名词,意为“乘车或骑车短途旅行”常用短语 go for a ride on /in ... 表示“乘…去兜风”如例句 2;give sb a ride 表示“让某人搭车”如例句 3。

例句

1. He rides a bike to work every day.

他每天骑自行车去上班。

2. Lets go for a ride in the car.

咱们乘车去兜风吧。

3. Excuse me, can you give me a ride?

劳驾,你能让我搭你的车吗?

have / has been to & have / has gone to

开学季,牛津版八年级下册的重点单词,+,重点句型,+,重点语法,+,Ekwing,独家(图2)

★写作一招鲜

Step 1 写作任务

根据以下中文提示,以“Travelling”为题写一篇不少于 80 词的短文。

1. 旅行可以让你领略大自然的美丽风光,心情放松。

2. 旅行也会有烦恼,如天气多变等。

3. 出发前应充分了解天气情况,最好结伴同行。

Step 2 抛砖引玉

参考词汇:

activityen、joy、 relaxed (轻松的)trouble 、change

参考短语:

be tired of doing sth

enjoy the beauty of nature

Step 3 思路点拨

开学季,牛津版八年级下册的重点单词,+,重点句型,+,重点语法,+,Ekwing,独家(图3)

Step 4 范文展示

Travelling

Travelling is a very good activity. Whenyou are tired of studying or working, youcan travel to enjoy the beauty of nature.That can make you relaxed.

But there“s also some trouble during thetravelling. For example, the weather maychange and you may get wet in the rain.Sobefore travelling, you should know clearlyabout the weather. And it will be helpful ifyou can find someone with you together. Inthis way, it”s great fun for you to have atrip.

★重点单词

1.look like 看起来像

2.chat with sb 和某人聊天

4.search for information 搜索信息

5.tour guide 导游

6.at the top of the page 在页面额顶部

7.trade centre 贸易中心

9.在…的南端 at the southern end of ...

10.在…的中心 in the centre of ...

11.…到此为止 so much for ...

12.因…而闻名 be famous for ...

13.20 世纪早期 the early twentieth century

14.听说 hear of

15.成千上万 thousands of

16.在…的底部 at the bottom of ...

17. on the north-east coast of 在…的东北海岸

19. order meals 订餐

20. see a doctor 看医生

21. daily communication 日常交流

22. an island country 一个岛屿国家

23. have a long history 历史悠久

24.the opposite of 与…相反

25.be made up of 由…组成

26.prepare for 为…做准备

27.book tickets and hotels 订票和酒店

28.palaces and castles 宫殿和城堡

★词语点将台

★ receive & accept

1. receive 作动词,意为“收到;接到”如例句 1。

2. accept 作动词,意为“接受”如例句2。

3. 注意:receive 指收到某物这一动作,本身有一定的被动性,不包含接收者是否愿意接受的意思。而 accept指经过考虑,由主观意志来决定接受,动作本身是主动的,如例句 3。

例句

1. I received her night.

2. He was glad that I accepted his present.

他很高兴我接受了他的礼物。

3. I received his invitation, but I couldntaccept it.

我收到了他的邀请,但是我不能接受它。

★guide

1. guide 作名词,意为“导游;向导”如例句 1;还可意为“指南;手册”如例句 2。

2. guide 还可作动词,意为“给某人领路;指引”如例句 3。

例句

1. My sister wants to be a guide in thefuture.

我的姐姐将来想成为一名导游。

2. Helen bought a travel guide before shewent to Paris.

海伦去巴黎前买了一本旅游指南。

3. The boy guided us to the museum.

那个男孩领我们去了博物馆。

★pick

1. pick 作动词,意为“挑选”如例句 1。

2. pick sb to do sth 表示“挑选某人做某事”如例句 2。

3. pick sth up 是固定搭配,意思是“拾起某物”如例句 3。

例句

1. My mother picked a blue dress for me.

我的妈妈为我挑选了一件蓝色的连衣裙。

2. The teacher picked three students to joinin the race.

老师挑选了三个学生参加赛跑。

3. I picked the pen up and put it into mybag.

我拾起钢笔并把它放进包里。

现在完成时 VS 一般过去时

开学季,牛津版八年级下册的重点单词,+,重点句型,+,重点语法,+,Ekwing,独家(图4)

★写作一招鲜

Step 1 写作任务

根据下表写一篇不少于 80 词的英语短文。内容包括:对下表中关于这两个城市(City A 和 City B)的全部信息进行比较,分析利弊,确定其中一个城市作为你的五一旅游目的地。

开学季,牛津版八年级下册的重点单词,+,重点句型,+,重点语法,+,Ekwing,独家(图5)

Step 2 抛砖引玉

参考词汇:delicious, reason, activity, save

参考短语:less comfortable, as ... as, enjoybeautiful scenery

Step 3 思路点拨

开学季,牛津版八年级下册的重点单词,+,重点句型,+,重点语法,+,Ekwing,独家(图6)

Step 4 范文展示

In my opinion, City A is the better place tospend my May Day holiday.

Though the temperature there is higher,the hotel is less comfortable and even thefood is not as delicious as that in City B, Istill choose City A. The most important reason is that I can have a lot of things to do inCity A. I may enjoy more beautiful sceneryand attend more activities. Besides, it takesme only two hours to fly there and saves mea lot of time. I hope Ill have a wonderfulholiday there.

★重点单词

1.in your spare time 在你空闲的时候

2.improve my knowledge of 提高我对…的认识

3.be tied to 被绑在;束缚于

4.look down 向下看

5.continue doing sth 继续做某事

6.shout at 对…大喊大叫

7.be tired out 精疲力尽

8.a book about ... 一本关于…的书

9.同…一样大 the same size as

10.逃跑 run away

11.开始做某事 start / begin doing sth

12.一大批 a huge army of

13.离开;逃脱 get away

14.到…时候 by the time

15.跌倒 fall over

16.撞到… crash against

17. at a time 每次

18. collect information 搜集信息

20. a great success 巨大的成功

21. get the idea for ... 想到…的办法

23. in the very beginning 在最开始

24.so far 到目前为止

25.open up 开启

26.translate ... into ... 把…翻译为…

27.ask sb for advice 向某人询问建议

★词语点将台

★touch

touch 作动词,可意为“碰,摸”如例句1;还可意为“情感上的触动,感动”如例句 2。

例句

1. Dont touch any vase in this room.

不要触碰这个房间里的任何花瓶。

2. The sad story about the little boy touched allthe students.

关于这个小男孩的悲惨故事感动了所有学生。

★manage

1. manage 意为如例句 1。

2. manage to do sth 是固定搭配,表示“设法完成某事”如例句 2。

3. manage 还有“能够做到”的意思,常与情态动词 can, could 连用,如例句 3。

例句

1. The new boss manages his company very well.

新老板把公司得井井有条。

2. Lisa managed to finish the difficult task.

丽萨设法完成了这项困难的任务。

3. My parents always encourage me, “You canmanage.”

我的父母总是鼓励我说:“你能行。”

★lift

1. lift 作动词,意为“举起,抬起”如例句 1。

2. lift 作名词,意为“电梯”如例句 2。

3. lift 作名词,还可意为“搭便车”如例句 3,固定短语:give sb a lift 意为“给某人搭便车”

例句

1. This bag is not heavy, so I can lift it easily.

这个包不重,因此我能轻易举起它。

2. Take the lift to the fifth floor, and then turnright.

坐电梯去五楼,右转。

3. My car broke down. Can you give me a lift?

我的车坏了,你能让我搭便车吗?

疑问词 + to do

点拨

一、可用于“疑问词 + 动词不定式”结构的疑问词有疑问代词“who, what, which”和疑问副词“when, where, how”注意:why 不可以与动词不定式连用。

二、“疑问词 + to do”在句子中的作用如下:

⑴ 当主语,如:Where to live is still a problem.

⑵ 当宾语,如:Do you know how to make a fruitsalad?

⑶ 当表语,如:The question is where to go.

⑷ 当名词同位语,如:Tom had no idea whichshirt to buy at last.

⑸ 当宾语补足语,如:She told me how to solvethe problem.

三、常和“疑问词 + 动词不定式”结构连用的动词:know, see, decide, tell, ask, consider,guess, hear, think, wonder 等。有些动词,如ask, show, tell, advise, teach 等,可以先跟宾语,接适当的“疑问词+动词不定式”结构.

例句

Who can tell me how to use this machine?

四、当该结构当宾语时,它的作用等于该疑问词引导的从句.

例句

I could not decide which book to buy.

= Icould not decide which book I should buy.

must VS have to

点拨

must 和 have to 虽然都表示“必须”但是二者在用法上有四点不同:

一、使用场合不同:

例句

1. Everyone must obey the rules.

2. I missed the last bus, so I had to walk home.

二、人称、数和时态的变化不同:

have to 有人称、数和时态的变化,而 must没有。

三、否定形式的含义不同:

mustnt 意为不许;禁止而 dont haveto 意为不必相当于 neednt。

四、疑问句的答语不同:

回答含有 must 的疑问句时,一般用 must作肯定回答,但不能用 mustnt 作否定回答,而要用 dont have to 或 neednt 作否定回答。含有 have to 的肯定句变一般疑问句时,要根据句子的时态和主语,借助助动词 do 的相应形式来构成,回答时也要借助 do 的相应形式。

例句

1. — Must we leave here at once?

Yes, you must.

No, you don“t have to. / No, you needn”t.

2. — Does she have to have English classes onSunday?

Yes, she does.

No, she doesnt.

★写作一招鲜

Step 1 写作任务

开学季,牛津版八年级下册的重点单词,+,重点句型,+,重点语法,+,Ekwing,独家(图7)

Step 2 抛砖引玉

参考词汇:colorful (多姿多彩的) importance, spare, manage

参考短语:open up our eyes, get into thehabit of, instead of, waste time on

Step 3 思路点拨

开学季,牛津版八年级下册的重点单词,+,重点句型,+,重点语法,+,Ekwing,独家(图8)

Step 4 范文展示

Reading can open up our eyes and makeour life more colorful. Reading is of greatimportance to us.

However, only a small number of middleschool students do some reading now. Hereare the reasons. First, students have toomuch homework to do. Second, they mayspend most of their spare time on TV or theInternet. As a result, they have less time forreading.

In my opinion, students should learn tomanage their time and get into the habit ofreading instead of wasting much time on TVor the Internet.

★重点单词

1.遵守交通规则 obey traffic rules

2.摘花 pick flowers

3.扔垃圾 drop litter

4.与某人握手 shake sbs hand

5.公开地,在别人面前 in public

6.保持安静 keep quiet

7.排队等候 queue for ones turn

8.打断(谈话)插嘴 cut in

9.偶然;意外地 by accident

10.劳驾 excuse me

11.也;还有 as well (as)

12.挡住某人的路 in ones way

13.插队;加塞 push in

14.让水龙头一直开着 leave the tap running

15.开始一段谈话 start a conversation

16.碰撞到某人 bump into sb.

17.放低某人的声音 keep ones voice down

18.了解;学习 learn about

19.阻止;使某人免遭… keep sb. from sth.

20.warn sb. not to do sth. 警告某人不要做某事

21.公共标识 public signs

22.冒险做某事 risk doing sth.

23.忙于某事 be busy with sth.

24.express oneself 表达自己(的想法)

25.soon after 不久以后

26.above all 首要的是

27.reach over someones plate for ... 为…伸向某人的盘子

28.on ones own 独自地

29.参与讨论 join the discussion

30.发生 take place

★词语点将台

★pick

1. pick 作动词,意为“采;摘”如例句 1。

2. pick 作动词,还可意为“挑选;选择”如例句2。

3. pick 作动词,还可意为“拾;捡”常用短语为pick up,如例句 3。

例句

1. Dont pick flowers in the garden.

不要在花园里摘花。

2. Could you please pick a good novel for me?

你能为我挑一本好的小说吗?

3. The boy picked up the litter and threw it into thebin.

这个男孩捡起了垃圾并扔到了垃圾箱里。

★turn

1. turn 作动词,有“使转变”等意思,如例句 1。

2. turn 作名词,意为“轮流”如例句 2。

3. turn 作系动词,意为“变得”其后常跟形容词作表语,如例句 3。

例句

1. The witch turned him into a cup.

女巫把他变成了杯子。

2. Its your turn to clean the classroom today.

今天轮到你打扫教室了。

3. When autumn comes, leaves turn yellow.

秋天来了,叶子变黄了。

★avoid

avoid 是及物动词,意为“避免;避开”后跟名词或代词作宾语,如例句 1 和例句 2。avoid 还可跟动名词(动词 -ing 形式)意为“避免做某事”如例句 3。

例句

1. She hopes that I can avoid the same mistake nexttime.

她希望下次我可以避免同样的错误。

2. I crossed the road to avoid him.

为了避开他我走到马路对面。

3. Children should avoid walking on dark streetsat night.

孩子们应该避免夜间在黑暗的街道上行走。

★ enough to ★

点拨

★“be + 形容词 + enough + to do sth”是一个常用句型,用来描述一个人的品质和能力,意为“足够…可以…”

例句

He is strong enough to move this box.

他很强壮,足以搬得动这个箱子。

He is clever enough to answer that question.

他很聪明,足以回答出那个问题。

★ 若 enough 前出现否定词 not,则不仅否定了 enough,而且也否定其后的动词不定式。

例句

My brother is not old enough to dress himself.

我弟弟年龄不够大,不能自己穿衣服。

★ too ... to ★

点拨

★“too ... to”结构的基本形式为“be + too + 形容词 + to do”意为“太…以至于不能…”表达一个否定的结果。

例句

My father is too tired to play with me.

我爸爸太累了,不能和我玩。

★ 有时不定式前可以带一个由介词 for 引出的逻辑主语。

例句

The exam is too difficult for me to pass.

考试太难了,我不能通过。

★“too ... to”结构可与“not ... enough to”结构

互换。但注意,在这两个句型中形容词互为反义词。

例句

She is too fat to wear that dress.

= She isnt slim enough to wear that dress.

她太胖了,穿不上那件裙子。

★写作一招鲜

Step 1 写作任务

越来越多的外国节日走进了我们的生活,请以“How should we treat foreign festivals?”为题写一篇英语短文,表达你的看法。要求:不少于 80 词。

提示:

1. 现在我们经常庆祝哪些外国节日?至少列举 3 个

2. 它们对我们有哪些影响?我们是否该庆祝它们?为什么?

3. 我们该如何看待外国节日以及我们自己的节日?

Step 2 抛砖引玉

可能用到的词(组)Valentines Day 情人节

Step 3 思路点拨

开学季,牛津版八年级下册的重点单词,+,重点句型,+,重点语法,+,Ekwing,独家(图9)

Step 4 范文展示

How should we treat foreign festivals?

Now, more and more foreign festivals arecoming into China, such as Christmas Day,Valentine“s Day and April Fool”s Day.

Some of them become really popular in China,so some people are worried that these foreignfestivals will become more important than ourown festivals in young peoples hearts.

I think we should celebrate some specialforeign festivals, because they help us knowmore about the cultures of different countries.As for our own festivals, we should love them.At the same time, why not try to introducethem to foreign countries?

★重点单词

1.be similar to 与…相似

2.放弃 give up

3.闲暇时间 spare time

4.receive training 接受训练

5.be born with 先天的;天生的

6.…的志愿者 a volunteer for ...

7.实现 come true

8.write to sb. 给某人写信

9.finish fourth 获得第四名

10.一个巨大的成功 a great success

12.join the competition 参加比赛

13.实现某人的梦想 achieve ones dream

14.offer to do sth. 主动提出做某事

15.与…密切合作 work closely with

16.担任;作为 work as

17.把人们聚拢在一起 bring people together

18.from different backgrounds 来自不同的背景

19.由于 because of

20.feel confident about 对…感到自信的

21.a training plan 一个培训计划

22.talk on the phone 在电话上交谈

23.improve ones life 改善某人的生活

24.in our daily lives 在我们的日常生活中

25.给某人让座 give ones seat to sb

26.learn about different cultures 了解不同文化

28.donate blood 献血

29.have an operation 动手术

30.chat with sb. 和某人聊天

31.确保 make sure

32.尽快(地) as soon as possible

33.失去生命 lose ones life

34.伸出援手 give a helping hand

35.保持健康 keep fit

36.和…一样 as ... as

37.take action 采取行动

38.导致 lead to

39. thanks for help 多谢帮助

40.在患难中 in need

★词语点将台

★ train

1. train 作不及物动词,意为“接受训练”常用搭配为 train to be / as,如例句 1。

2. train 作及物动词,意为“培训”如例句 2;也有“训练”的意思,常用搭配为 train sb todo sth,如例句 3。

3. training 作名词,意思是“培训,训练”如例句 4。

例句

1. Li lei is training to be / as a teacher.

李雷正在接受训练当一名老师。

2. The local government is trying to train morewomen for jobs.

3. I train my pet dog to sit every day.

我每天都在训练我的宠物狗去坐。

4. After some training, youll be more professionalthan before.

经过一些训练,你将会比以前更加专业。

★ achieve

achieve 作动词,意为“获得;实现”可以直接加宾语,如例句 1、2;也可以构成 achievethe goal of doing 的结构,表示“实现…的目标”如例句 3。

例句

1. Helen achieved good exam results.

海伦考试取得了优异的成绩。

2. I believe youll achieve your dream one day.

我相信有一天你将实现你的理想。

3. My brother achieved his goal of becoming abasketball player.

我实现了成为一名篮球运动员的目标。

★ expect

1. expect 意为“期待;指望;预料”等,通常用作及物动词,后跟名词或动词不定式等作宾语,如例句 1 和例句 2。

2. expect 可跟动词不定式作宾语补足语,用于 expect sb to do sth 这样的结构,如例句3。

例句

1. We are expecting a rise in food prices thismonth.

我们预计这个月的食物价格会上涨。

2. My father expects to be back from Beijing ina week.

我爸爸预计一周后从北京回来。

3. My mother expects me to behave well in thedinner party.

我妈妈期待我能在晚宴中表现好。

“It is + adj. (+ for/of sb) + to do sth”句型

开学季,牛津版八年级下册的重点单词,+,重点句型,+,重点语法,+,Ekwing,独家(图10)

★写作一招鲜

Step 1 写作任务

俗话说:“予人玫瑰,手留余香”请你根据以下提示,以“帮助”为话题写一篇英语短文,向大家介绍下你帮助他人的一次经历。要求:1. 适当发挥;2. 不少于 80 词。

提示:

1. 七年级的时候,你帮助过一名同班同学学习英语。

2. 那时你英语学得好,所以他经常向你寻求帮助。

3. 你很耐心地给他讲解,在你的帮助下他的英语提高了,你的英语也提高了。

4. 你认为帮助他人就是帮助自己。

Step 2 抛砖引玉

可能用到的词(组)

be good at; ask ... for help improve

explain ... to ... with ones help

Step 3 思路点拨

开学季,牛津版八年级下册的重点单词,+,重点句型,+,重点语法,+,Ekwing,独家(图11)

Step 4 范文展示

As the saying goes, Roses given, fragrance inhand. In our daily lives, everyone will meetwith a lot of trouble. So it is necessary for us tohelp those in trouble. I still remember I helpedone of my classmates with his English when wewere in Grade Seven. He was not good at English while I did well. He often asked me forhelp. I was patient to explain it to him. Slowly,his English improved with my help. At thesame time, I also found my English improved.In fact, helping others is helping ourselves.Lets help each other in our lives.

★重点单词

1.pocket money 零用钱

2.basic education 基础教育

3.贫困地区 poor areas

4.equal rights 平等权利

5.在飞机(船、火车)上 on board

6.carry on with 继续开展;继续下去

7.了解 learn about

8.医疗 medical treatment

9.做某事感到自豪 be proud to do sth.

10.afford to do 能够做…

11.全世界 all over the world

12.去看病 go to hospital

13.被用做 be used as

14.为…效力 work for

15.operate on 对…动手术

16.对…感兴趣 be interested in

17.during ones last visit 在…上次访问期间

18.拿出;取出 take out

19.离开 go away

20.建立;设立 set up

21.筹钱;募捐 raise money

23.分发;提出 hand out

24.是…的一部分 be part of

25.做志愿者 work as a volunteer

26.attend courses 上课;参加课程

27.阻止、预防某人干某事 pr sb. from doing sth.

28.have a check 检查

29.a charity show 一场慈善演出

30.吃药 take medicine

31.能做某事 be able to do sth.

32.with ones help 在某人的帮助下

33.search for information 搜索信息

34.the same size as 与…大小一样

35.不严重;没什么大问题 nothing serious

36.not... any more 不再…

37.害怕做某事 be afraid of doing sth.

38.used to do sth.过去常常做某事

★词语点将台

★ afford

1. afford 用作及物动词,通常与 can、could 或be able to 连用,并且不用于被动语态,意为“买得起,花得起”如例句 1。

2. afford 用作及物动词,意为“给予”常用结构afford sth. to sb. 表示“给予某人某事物”如例句 2。

3. afford 用作及物动词,意为“能做”常跟带 to的不定式,其常用结构为 afford to do sth.,如例句 3。

例句

1. The man is too poor to afford the meal.

这个男的太穷了而买不起一顿饭。

2. The programme affords young people the chanceto get work experience.

3. Our family cant afford to buy a new car.

我们家买不起 一辆新车。

★develop

1. develop 作动词,意为“发展”常用搭配 develop into 意为“发展成为”如例句 1。

2. develop 作动词,意为“加强”如例句 2。

3. develop 作动词,意为“培养;养成”常用搭配 develop the habit of 表示“培养 / 养成…的习惯”如例句 3。

例句

1. China has developed into a stronger country inthe past thirty years.

中国在过去三十年里发展成了一个更加强大的国家。

2. Our friendship has developed over a numberof years.

多年来我们的友谊日益深厚。

3. My grandmother has developed the habit ofgetting up early every day.

我奶奶已经养成了每天都早起的习惯。

★treat

1. treat 作动词,意为“治疗”be treated for 意为“因为…接受治疗”如例句 1。

2. treat 作动词,意为“处理”如例句 2。

3. treat 作动词,意为“对待;把…看成…”常用句型 treat ... as/like ...,如例句 3。

4. treat 作动词,意为“款待;宴请”treat sb. tosth. 意为“用…款待某人”如例句 4。

例句

1. The little girl was treated for the eye problem.

这个小女孩因为眼疾接受治疗。

2. Well continue to treat this problem tomorrow.

我们明天将继续解决这个问题。

3. I treat my pet dog as my best friend.

我把我的宠物狗看成是我最好的朋友。

4. My mother is going to treat our new neighbourto a big meal tonight.

今晚我妈妈打算以一顿大餐款待我们的新邻居。

一般现在时的被动语态 & 一般过去时的被动语态

点拨

英语动词有两种语态:主动语态和被动语态。主动语态表示主语是动作的执行者,而被动语态强调主语是动作的承受者。被动语态由“助动词 be + 及物动词的过去分词”构成,具体见下表。注意:一般现在时的被动语态表示现阶段经常性、习惯性的被动动作。

开学季,牛津版八年级下册的重点单词,+,重点句型,+,重点语法,+,Ekwing,独家(图12)

★写作一招鲜

Step 1 写作任务

之后,的小朋友们度过了一个使他们终生难忘的六一儿童节。一些特别的音乐会为他们举办,在音乐会中他们还和明星们一起演唱。请你根据提示以 A Special Childrens Day为题,写一篇不少于 80 词的英语短文。

提示:

1. 为他们举办音乐会。

2. 和明星们一起唱歌。

3. 邀请他们和大城市的孩子们一起唱歌、跳舞、玩游戏。

4. 给他们送礼物。

Step 2 抛砖引玉

可能用到的词(组)disaster areas ;unforgettable 难忘的;concert 音乐会

Step 3 思路点拨

开学季,牛津版八年级下册的重点单词,+,重点句型,+,重点语法,+,Ekwing,独家(图13)

Step 4 范文展示

A Special Childrens Day

Children“s Day is a great day for all the children.Last year, the children from disaster areas hadan unforgettable Children”s Day!

Some special concerts were held for them. Inthe concerts, they could sing with the famoussingers. Some of them were invited to enjoy theday with other children from big cities. They sang,danced and played games together. Like the otherchildren, they also got many beautiful gifts.

I believe it was the happiest Childrens Daythey have spent so far! How lucky they were!

★重点单词

1.live a green life 过环保的生活

2.reduce air pollution 减少空气污染

3.save energy 节约能源

4.take shorter showers 缩短淋浴时间

5.关上(开关 )turn off

6.砍伐 cut down

7.run out 用完

8.乱丢垃圾 drop litter

9.在公共场所 in a public place

10.被警察罚款 be fined by the police

11.依靠;取决于 depend on/upon

12.丰富的资源 rich resources

13.new types of energy 新型能源

14.产生很少的污染 produce little pollution

15.(对…)有影响;起作用 make a difference to

16.do with 处理

17.做调查 do a survey

18.扔掉,丢弃 throw away

19.对…有害 be harmful to

20.reduce dust 减少粉尘

21.刷牙 brush teeth

22.in place 在适合的位置

23.in use 在使用中

24.对…有用 be useful for

25.节约能源 save power

26.可能的话 if possible

27.有机会做某事 have a chance to do sth.

28.尽某人全力 try ones best

29.挖出;掘起 dig up

30.go green 走绿色发展之路

31.change for the worse 每况愈下;情况恶化

32.采取适当的行动 take proper actions

33.一些简单的步骤 some simple steps

34.自然资源 natural resources

35.结果是 as a result

36.少于 less than

★词语点将台

★cause

1. cause 用作动词,意为“造成,使发生,导致”如例句 1。

2. cause 常用于 cause sb. /sth. to do sth. 结构中,意为“使某人 / 某物做某事”如例句 2。

3. cause 可跟双宾语,即 cause sb. sth.,意思是“给某人带来某事”如例句 3。

4. cause 也用作名词,意为“原因;理由”如例句 4。

例句

1. The bad eating habits caused many health problemsfor him.

不良饮食习惯给他造成了很多健康问题。

2. Do you know what caused the house prices torise so sharply?

你知道是什么导致房价急剧上涨吗?

3. The project caused him a lot of trouble.

这项工程给他带来了很多麻烦。

4. Driving after drinking is one of the most commoncauses of traffic accidents.

酒后驾车是导致交通事故最常见的原因之一。

★separate

1. separate 用作动词,常有 separate...from... 这样的结构,意思是“把…与…隔分开”如例句 1。

2. separate...into... 也是其常用结构,意为“把…分成…”如例句 2。

3. separate 也用作形容词,意思是“分开的;各自的”如例句 3。

例句

1. My mother separated the bad apples from thegood ones.

我妈妈把坏苹果和好苹果分开了。

2. Would you please help me separate these presentsinto five parts?

你能帮助我把这些礼物分为五份吗?

3. The couple has kept separate for two years.

这对夫妻已经分开两年了。

★allow

1. allow 意为“允许”后可跟名词或代词作宾语,如例句 1。

2. allow sb. to do sth. 也是其常用结构,意思是“允许某人做某事”如例句 2。

3. allow 后跟动词时要用动词 -ing 形式,如例句 3。

例句

1. The librarian didnt allow him in because hewore a pair of slippers.

2. My parents dont allow me to go out alone atnight.

我父母不允许我晚上独自出去。

3. We do not allow eating in class.

我们不允许在上课时吃东西。

一般将来时的被动语态

★ 一般将来时的被动语态通常由“will be + 动词过去分词”构成;构成否定句时直接在 will 后加 not;构成一般疑问句时将 will 放在主语前。例如:

开学季,牛津版八年级下册的重点单词,+,重点句型,+,重点语法,+,Ekwing,独家(图14)

★ 表示将来意义的被动结构还有“be going to be + 动词过去分词”例如:

开学季,牛津版八年级下册的重点单词,+,重点句型,+,重点语法,+,Ekwing,独家(图15)

★写作一招鲜

Step 1 写作任务

近年来,由于人们不断使用石油、煤炭并且砍伐树木等行为造成了空气被严重污染。从而导致人类受害的各种现象,如:中国的许多大城市出现雾霾,导致人们患上各种呼吸道疾病、肺病;全球气温变暖,甚至于在印度有上千人死于高温等等。请据此以“Protect the air”为题写一篇英语短文。要求:内容充实,不少于 80 词。

Step 2 抛砖引玉

可能用到的词组:heavy smog 雾霾; lung disease 肺病。

breathing disease 呼吸道疾病;high temperature 高温

Step 3 思路点拨

开学季,牛津版八年级下册的重点单词,+,重点句型,+,重点语法,+,Ekwing,独家(图16)

Step 4 范文展示

Protect the air

Air is as important as food, so its importantfor us to protect the air.

However, because people use too much oiland coal and cut down trees, the air around ushas been polluted seriously. The polluted airhas caused many serious problems. For example,there is heavy smog in many big cities in China.And it caused many breathing diseases and lungdiseases. Besides, the climate is becoming warmerand warmer. As a result, thousands of peoplein India die because of high temperature.

So what can we do to protect the air? I thinkwe can start by planting more trees. It“s also wiseto choose public transport or ride bicycles. Let”stake proper actions now to make a difference.

声 明

校 对:姜 珊

审 核:贾丹彤

基础听说成绩几乎全班满分!佛山华英学校谢丹红:让信息技术成为教学 “利器”

中考英语100分+达线率48%!山西盐湖区实验中学借信息化教学乘风破浪

全班英语听力满分人数超 30 名,这位初三老师只做了三件事… Ekwing 案例

中考英语100分+达线率48%!山西盐湖区实验中学借信息化教学乘风破浪

一个月,中考英语提 16 分!临沂十一中教师许守梅借翼课网助学生跨越高分

本文相关词条概念解析:

例句

例句,读音lìjù,汉语词语,解释为用于解释、证明的代表性语句。

动词

动词(Verb),就是用来表示动作或状态的词汇。基本上每个完整的句子都有一个动词,要表示第二个动作时可使用不定词、动名词、对等连接词、从属连接词或增加子句等方法连结。突跃,突击,突袭等描述动作过程均属动词。中文语法中表示人或事物的动作或一种动态变化。一般出现在名词主语或主句后面。

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