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发布时间:2021-02-25 23:26编辑:小狐阅读: 360次 手机阅读

亲爱的老师们 ♥

又双叒叕到了开学季,我们为大家梳理了 牛津版九年级下册的重点单词、短语、句型、语法和话题作文!

本篇放送:牛津版九年级下册重点短语 + 重点句型 + 重点语法 + 单元作文


1.eat up 吃光

2. keep ... in order 使…保持井然有序

3. show off 炫耀

4. come up with 提出;想出

5. be curious about 对…好奇

6. be willing to do sth 乐意做某事

7. take the lead 处于领先地位

8. fall behind 落后

9.high standards 高标准

10.win high praise from 赢得…好评

11.as good as 和…几乎一样;简直是

12.be ready to do sth 准备做某事

13.day after day 日复一日

14.be suitable for 适合 …

15.cant be too careful 怎么小心都不过分

16.devote ones time to ... 把时间投入到…

17.in a fixed order 按照固定的顺序

18.depend on 取决于

19.worry too much 太担心

20.accept othersadvice 接受别人的意见

21.show sb how to do sth 向某人展示如何做某事

22. think twice (about sth) 三思而行

23. do the dishes 洗碗

24. in all 总共;总计

25. divide ... into 把…分成…

26. make a speech 发表演说

27. be absent from school 缺课


★ born

1. born 作动词时,意为“出生”是动词bear 的过去分词,be born 意为“出生”常用于一般过去时,如例句 1。

2. born 作形容词时,意为“天生的”通常用作定语,如例句 2。


1. I was born in 1968.

我生于 1968 年。

2. Her brother was born blind.



1. connect 是动词,意为“连接”经常和介词 to,with 连用,表示“与…相连;连接”如例句 1、例句 2。

2. connect 还可意为“联想”如例句 3。

3. connect 还可意为“给…接通电话”如例句 4。


1. The bridge connected the island with themainland.


2. Can you help me connect the printer tothe computer?


3. We connect the word “blue”with thecolour of the sky.


4. Connect me with Xian, please.


★both & either & neither

both, either, neither 都可作代词、限定词,但它们的具体含义各有不同。

1. both 表示“两者;双方;两个都”表肯定如例句 1。

2. either 表示“两者中任何一个”如例句 2。

3. neither 表示“否定句中两者之一不”如例句 3。

4. 这三个词的常用结构为both ... and ..., either ...or ..., neither ... nor ...。值得注意的是,both ...and ... 结构应跟复数谓语动词,而后两个结构的谓语动词应遵循就近原则,即谓语与靠近的主语中的名词、代词在“人称、数”上一致,如例句 4、5、6。


1. Both of them come from China.


2. You can park on either side of the street.


3. I asked both girls, but neither knew the answer.


4. Both he and his wife enjoy music.


5. Either Jim or Peter has a computer.


6. Neither you nor I am wrong.




在英语中,可以用并列连词或词组连接两个或两个以上的简单句,使它们成为并列句。常见的并列连词和词组有 and, but, or, so, either ... or ..., neither ... nor ..., not only ... but also ... 和 both ...and ...。根据逻辑关系的不同,可分为四类:



Step 1 写作任务

假设你是 Rose,你想找一份教英语的兼职工作。现在请你写一封求职信,并在信中列举三项个人优势,以便得到这样的工作。


1 条理清楚,意思连贯,语句通顺,标点正确。

2 80 词左右。

Step 2 常用句型

★ 可 能 用 到 的 短 语 :be interested in, myfavorite subject, get good marks, speak English, think of

★ 可能用到的句型:Im from ..., I wouldlike to ...

Step 3 思路点拨


Step 4 范文展示

Dear Sir / Madam。

I“m writing to apply for the job as apart-time English teacher. My name is Rose. I am 14 years old and I”m from No. 1 Middle School. I“m interested in being a part-time English teacher.I would like to apply for the job for the following reasons.Firstly, English is my favorite subject. I always get good marks in English exams. I can also speak English well. Secondly, I can get on well with people, especially children. Thirdly, I am patient with kids. I can think of many ways to make English fun to them. I”m sure I can be a good English teacher.




1.the moods of people 人们的心情

2.the relationship between ... and ... …与…的关系

3.bring peace to ... 给…带来安宁

4.remind sb of ... 让某人想起…

5.be of some help to sb 对某人有些帮助

6.be in need of ... 需要…

7.influence our moods 影响我们的心情

8.look good on sb 在某人身上看起来很好

9. in fact 事实上

10. such as 比如

11. cheer sb up 使某人振作起来

12. take action 采取行动

13. try on 试穿

14. in the sky 在空中

15. soon after 不久

16. would rather 宁愿

17. a good match 好的搭配

18. in many ways 在很多方面

19. be suitable for ... 对…适合

20. according to 根据

21. be influenced by ... 受…的影响

22.be dressed in pink 穿粉色(衣服)

23.the power of colours 颜色的力量

24.mprove your life 提高你的生活质量

25.drive away 驱赶;赶走

26.change ones moods 改变某人的心情


★ influence

1. influence 作动词时,意为“影响”如例句 1。

2. influence 作名词时,意为“影响(力)”如例句 2。

3. influence 常见搭配是“have a (great or bad )influence on ...”意为“对…有(很大或坏的)影响”如例句 3。


1. The experience in the countryside influencedher whole life.


2. What exactly is the influence of TV on children?


3. My first teacher had a great influence on me.



1. require 意为“需要;要求”require 后可以加名词或代词,如例句 1。

2. require sb to do sth 意为“要求某人做某事”如例句 2。

3. require + that 从句,在从句中,谓语需要用should+ 动词原形,should 可省略,如例句 3。


1. This job will require a lot of hard work.


2. True marriage requires people to have trustand loyalty.


3. This job requires that you (should) be good at computers.



1. difficulty 是名词,意为“困难;费力”如例句 1。

2. 其常用结构“have difficulty (in) doing sth”意为“做某事有困难”如例句 2。

3. 其常用结构“be in difficulty”意为“有困难”如例句 3。


1. I found the place with difficulty.


2. We have enough difficulty (in) paying the rent.


3. The company is in financial difficulty.


★decide & decision

1. decide 意为“决定”后面常跟动词不定式,如例句 1。

2. decision 为名词,意为“决定”常用短语为make a decision,如例句 2。


1. My father decides to buy a guitar as a birthday gift for me.


2. Its difficult to make a decision.






Step 1 写作任务

不同的人喜欢不同的颜色。你最喜欢什么颜色?请以“My favourite colour”为题,根据内容提示写一篇短文。


1. 你最喜欢的颜色及其象征意义。

2. 你喜欢这种颜色的原因。


1 条理清楚,意思连贯,语句通顺,标点正确。

2 80 词左右。

Step 2 常用句型

★ 可能用到的短语:many different kinds of, such as, look at,be good for

★ 可能用到的句型:There are ..., When I ..., I ...

Step 3 思路点拨


Step 4 范文展示

My favourite colour

There are many different kinds of colours inthe world, such as white, blue, orange and red.But my favourite colour is green. Do you know why?

Firstly, green gives me energy and representsnew life. When I feel tired or weak, I always look at something green around me. Secondly, green is the colour of nature. Most plants are green, like grass and trees. I like nature.Thirdly, green is good for our eyes, too.When my eyes are very tired, I will watch the green trees or green grass. They can help me relax my eyes.


2. drive sb mad 使人受不了

3. work out 算出;解决

4. stay up 熬夜

5. be strict with sb 对某人很严格

6. hand in 上交;递交

7. have no choice but ... 除…之外别无选择

8. stay out 待在户外;晚上不回家

9. dream of 梦见;渴望

10. worry about 担心

11.manage ones time 某人的时间

12.stay awake 保持清醒

13.look forward to 期望;盼望

14.according to 根据

15.get enough sleep 得到充足的睡眠

16.offer me some suggestions 给我一些建议

17.get into trouble 陷入困境

18.make a list of 列清单

19.取笑 laugh at

20.不注意 pay no attention to

21.以…自豪 be proud of

22.复习 go over

23.解决问题 solve the problem

24.read English aloud 大声读英语

25.shout at 对…大喊

26.keep it to yourself 保密;不告诉别人

27.the top students 表现好的学生

28.get high marks in exams 在考试中得高分



1. deal 作动词时,意为“处理”其常用搭配为deal with,意为“处理;对付”如例句 1。

2. deal with 的同义短语为 do with;但是 dealwith 通常和特殊疑问词 how 连用,而 do with 通常和特殊疑问词 what 连用,如例句2、3。

3. deal 还可以作名词,意为“交易”常用短语为 make a deal with sb,如例句 4。


1. I think we should work out a plan to deal withthis situation.


2. She doesnt know how to deal with this letter.


3. He has a telescope, but he doesnt know whatto do with it.


4. I made a deal with her yesterday.



1. imagine 用作动词,意为“想象;设想”其后可以直接跟名词充当宾语,如例句 1。

2. imagine doing sth 意为“想象做某事”如例句 2。

3. imagine 后也可跟宾语从句,如例句 3。


1. We cant imagine the life in that poor country.


2. She imagined herself sitting in her favoritearmchair.


3. Can you imagine how it feels to be blind?



1. doubt 作动词时,意为“怀疑”后面可跟名词、代词和从句。在否定句和疑问句中,doubt 后多跟由 that 引导的从句,如例句 1、2。

2. 在肯定句中,doubt 后通常跟由 if 或 whether引导的从句,如例句 3。

3. doubt 还可以用作名词,意为“怀疑;疑惑”常用于句型“There is no doubt + that 从句”意为“毫无疑问…”如例句 4。


1. We dont doubt that you will succeed.


2. Do you doubt that she will come?


3. I doubt if / whether it will be rainy tomorrow.


4. There is no doubt that the earth moves around

the sun.



1. worth 意为“值…钱”其后主要接表示数或类似的词语,如例句 1。

2. worth 也意为“值得”其后常跟动词 -ing 形式,如例句 2。


1. The book is worth 50 yuan.

这本书值 50 元。

2. Theres nothing worth reading in this newspaper.




★Can you tell me? When will the football gametake place?

→ Can you tell me when the football game willtake place?

★My friend didnt tell me. What was my frienddoing at that time?

→ My friend didnt tell me what he was doingat that time.

★Can you tell me? How can I get to that cinema?

→ Can you tell me how I can get to that cinema?

★Can you tell me? Why is it so difficult?

→ Can you tell me why it is so difficult?





Why not ask Mary to help us?

Why dont you go shopping with me this afternoon?

What / How about playing volleyball after school?

Lets ask your teacher for some suggestions!

Shall we go to the park on Sunday?


Why not ..., Why don“t you ..., What / Howabout ..., Let”s ..., Shall we ... 均是表示提建议的说法,Why not ...,Why don“t you ..., Let”s ...,Shall we ...后均跟动词原形,What / How about ...后跟动名词形式。


Step 1 写作任务

假设你叫 Eric,是一名九年级的学生。你很容易害羞,在课堂上回答老师的问题时会感到紧张,你也不喜欢在人多的地方发言。这些问题一直困扰着你,让你很难过。于是,你写了一封信向 Mr Brown 求助,希望他可以帮助你。词数:90 词左右。

Step 2 常用句型

★ 可能用到的短语:deal with, laugh at ...

★ 可能用到的句型:I wonder how I should deal with it, Can you offer me some suggestions?

Step 3 思路点拨

本次写作是要求写一篇关于 Teenageproblems 的文章。在写作过程中,首先要介绍自己是谁,写出自己面对的问题,最后寻求 Mr Brown 的帮助。

Step 4 范文展示

Dear Mr Brown。

My name is Eric. Im a student of GradeNine. I have a problem and it often makes me feel sad. I wonder how I should deal with it.

My problem is that Im shy. I feel nervous when I answer the teachersquestions in class. I dont like to talk in front of a big crowd of people. I prefer to stay at home rather than go out and have fun with friends. I think everybody will laugh at me. What should I do? Can you offer me some suggestions? I hope to hear from you soon.




1. grow up 成长

2. wake sb up 喊醒某人

3. on ones mind 挂在心上

4. as soon as 一…就

5. a great deal (of) 大量;许多

6. try out for sth 参加…选拔

7. lose heart 失去信心

8. change ones mind 改变某人的想法

9. take notice of 注意;察觉

10. through hard work 通过努力工作

11. score 20 points 得了 20 分

12.lead ... to 把…带到

13.bring him to the attention of ... 使…注意到他

14.at first 起先

15.from then on 从那时起

16.be forced to do sth 被迫做某事

17.sit in the stand 坐在看台上

18.be willing to 愿意…

19.as a result 结果;因此

20. break out 爆发

21. die of / from 因…而死

22. in fear of ones life 为生命安全担忧

23. to ones surprise 令某人惊奇的是

24. in ones fifties 在某人五十多岁时

25.lose their lives 失去他们的生命

26.translate into 把…翻译成

27.a record of that time 那时记得记录

28.donate blood 献血


★by & through

by 和 through 都可表示完成某事的方法、力量、手段及媒介。但在用法上却有一些重要区别。

1. by 表达我们做了什么事以取得预期的结果,用法上常与动名词搭配,如例句 1。

2. through 介绍的对象比较直接,常与指人或物的名词一起使用,表示媒介,如例句 2。

3. through 后还可接说明条件或状态的名词或动名词,表示事情发生的原因或方式,如例句 3。


1. She makes a living by painting.


2. We got the news through the Internet.


3. We lost ourselves through not knowing the way.


★succeed & success & successful

1. succeed 用作动词,意为“成功”常构成“succeed in doing sth”结构,表示“成功地做某事”如例句 1。

2. success 用作名词,意为“成功”如例句 2。

3. successful 用作形容词,意为“成功的”如例句 3。


1. The girl succeeded in ng a model plane.


2. The sports meeting was a big success.


3. Mo Yan is a successful writer.



1. remain 意为“逗留;保持不变”其后可直接跟名词或形容词,如例句 1、2。

2.“remain+ at / in + 地点”表示“逗留;留在某地”如例句 3。


1. It remains our secret.


2. Please remain seated until all the lights are on.


3. The animal remained at its hole the whole winter.





Step 1 写作任务

在生活中,我们常常会受到别人的影响。谁是对你影响最大的人呢?请以The person who has influenced me most为题写一篇英语短文。不少于 80 词。

★ 可能用到的短语:in many ways, in theworld, give up...

★ 可能用到的句型:The person who has influenced me most is ..., First ..., Second ...,Third ..., as ... as ..., I dont think ...

Step 3 思路点拨


Step 4 范文展示

The person who has influenced me mostThe person who has influenced me most is my mother. She has influenced me in many ways.

First, she gives her full love to me andmakes me feel safe in the world. Second, my mom has taught me about being brave. Although she experienced some difficulties in her life, she is always happy. So I will never give up easily when I meet some difficulties. Third, my mom always tells me to have an open heart to everyone and without her I dont think I would be as friendly to people as I am today. I have a nice life because of my mom. I want to say thanks to her!


1.art form 艺术形式

2.pop music 流行音乐

3.be presented to a winner 呈现给赢家

4.award music 颁奖音乐

5.rushing water 流动的水

6.the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games 2008北京奥运会

7. blowing wind 吹着的风

8. the sounds of nature 自然界的声音

9. ancient Chinese bell 中国古钟

10. in a Western style 按照西方风格

11. musical instruments 乐器

12.think highly of 对…高度评价

13.a studentsart show 一场学生艺术表演

14.too much traffic 交通拥挤

15.hurry into 急忙进入…

16.mix with 与…混在一起

17. be crazy about 非常喜欢…

18. classical music 古典音乐

19. get bored 感到厌烦

20. make up 编造

21. in the traditional style 按照传统风格

22. local colour 乡土特色



1. present 作名词时,为可数名词,意为“礼物”如例句 1。

2. present 作名词时,还常与介词 at 搭配,构成at present,意为“现在;此刻”如例句 2。

3. present 作形容词时,意为“在场的;出席的”反义词是 absent。如例句 3。

4. present 作动词时,意为“授予;赠予”为及物动词,当表示“授(赠)予某人某物”时,可用present sth to sb,如例句 4。


1. I got a present from my friend today.


2. I“m sorry he”s out at present.


3. Most fathers wish to be present at the birth of their children.


4. The local official presented the prizes to the winners.


★common & usual & general

1. common 含有“平常的;普通的;常见的;不足为奇的”等意思,侧重于缺少显著或异常的特征,特别说明某物因司空见惯而普通,如例句 1。

2. usual 意为“通常的;寻常的”用于修饰经常、固定或有一定的时间间隔重复发生的事,即有一定的规律性,如例句 2。

3. general 意为“普遍的;普通的;一般的”表示涉及到各方面,如例句 3。


1. His name is Hansen, a common name in Norway.


2. Such cold weather is quite usual here in Nanjingat this time of year.


3. There is one exception to this general principle.


★be famous for & be famous as

1. be famous for 意为“因…而闻名 / 出名”后面接原因,如例句 1。

2. be famous as 意为“作为…而出名”主要是表示人“以某种身份或职业而出名”或表示某地方“作为什么产地或地方而出名”或表示某事物“以某种形式而出名”如例句 2。


1. He is famous for the excellence of his fine arts.


2. Walt Disney is famous as a cartoon-maker.





Step 1 写作任务

有几个好朋友正在谈论各自最喜欢的艺术形式。请根据下面表格中的内容,写一篇 90 词左右的英语短文。


Step 2 常用句型

★ 可能用到的短语:talk about, look beautiful,keep healthy, take photos, feel relaxed, as for ...

★ 可能用到的句型:like / love ... best; helpsb do ...; like doing ...

Step 3 思路点拨


Step 4 范文展示

Four good friends are talking about their favourite art forms.

Sally loves dancing best. She thinks it looksbeautiful and it can help to keep her healthy. Drawing is Peters favorite art form. Why? Because he thinks it can help him gain more knowledge and make him become cleverer. Millie is different. Her favourite art form is photography. She likes taking photos because she can enjoy beautiful sights and feel relaxed through photography. As for Daniel, he likes dramas best. He thinks they can help him know more about traditional culture and makehim learn more things.


1.have nothing to do 没事可做

2.type of TV programmes 电视节目的种类

3.real-life s 真实事件

4.win a big prize 赢得大奖

5.up-to-date information 最新信息

6.cover different sports 报道不同的运动

7.this weeks programme 这个星期的节目

8.Beijing Music Awards 北京音乐奖

9. the coming World Cup 即将到来的世界杯比赛

10. be covered live 现场播报

11. Asian pop stars 亚洲流行歌手

12. win two free concert tickets 赢得两张免费的音乐会门票

13.be in danger 有危险

14.live as a family 像家人一样住在一起

15.receive a message 收到一条信息

16.realize your dream 实现你的梦想

17.a waste of time 浪费时间

18. be pushed into ... 被逼着去…

19. have a chance to do sth 有机会做某事

20. have little interest in ... 对…不感兴趣

21. ask for help 请求帮助

22. call the police 报警

23. in police uniforms 穿着警服


★a number of & the number of

1. a number of 表示“许多;一些”相当于 many,修饰可数名词复数。当其与所修饰的名词连用作主语时,谓语动词用复数。number 前可用 large、small 等词修饰,以表示程度,如例句 1。

2. the number of 表示“…的数量”跟复数名词连用作主语时,中心词是 number,谓语动词要用单数形式,如例句 2。


1. A number of students are planting trees on the hill.


2. The number of pages in this book is 60.

这本书有 60 页。


1. cover 作动词时,意为“报道”其常用结构 becovered live 意为“现场报道”如例句 1。

2. cover 作动词时,还有“遮盖;覆盖;涉及;包括”等意思。其常用结构 be covered with 意为“被…覆盖”如例句 2、3、4。

3. cover 作名词时,意为“盖子;封面”如例句 5。


1. Michael was sent to cover the basketball game live.


2. Dan covered his face with his hands.


3. The ground is covered with snow.


4. These articles cover many topics.


5. When the water boils, take the cover from thepan.



1. live 作动词时,意为“生存;居住;生活”如例句 1。

2. live 作副词时,意为“在现场直播;在实况直播”如例句 2。


1. People cant live without air.


2. This will be covered live by TV.



1. direct 用作动词,意为“导演”如例句 1。

2. direct 还可意为“指路”如例句 2。

3. direct 还可意为“负责;”如例句 3。


1. Who directed the film?


2. Could you direct me to the station?


3. Mr Yang will direct the project.


if 和 unless 引导的条件状语从句

由引导词 if 或 unless 引导的状语从句叫做条件状语从句。条件状语从句用来说明主句动作发生的条件,即某一件事情(从句中的动作)实现之后,其他事情(主句中的动作)方能发生。其中if 意为“如果;假如”unless 意为“如果不;除非”相当于 if ... not ...。


Unless you get upearlier, you will be late for school.

= If you dont get up earlier, you will be late for school.



Step 1 写作任务

假设你叫韩芳,是一个音乐迷。你喜欢在空闲的时候看有关音乐方面的电视节目,请以“TV programmes”为话题,写一篇英语短文,介绍一下你喜欢看的电视节目。词数:90 词左右。

Step 2 常用句型

★ 可能用到的短语:be useful to, stay athome, a number of ...

★ 可能用到的句型:There are many ..., Itsmy favourite ..., When I ..., I always ...

Step 3 思路点拨

本 次 写作 是 要 求写 关 于“TV programmes”的文章。在写作过程中,大家可以根据自己对音乐方面的电视节目的了解,展开话题,介绍自己最喜欢的电视节目,并进一步说明你为什么喜欢它。

Step 4 范文展示

Television is useful to people. We can stay athome and get news and pictures from different places on TV. There are many different programmes on TV. As a music fan, I know a number of famous singers. On Friday I love to watch Sing! China on TV. Its my favorite programme. From this programme, I can listen to and enjoy many beautiful songs. Music can make me happy and relaxed. I also like watching concerts. When I finish my homework, I always search for some music programmes on TV. What about you?


1.in your dreams 在你的梦里

2.so ... that 如此…以至于…

3.all-time greatest 目前最优秀的

4.feel sad about 对…感到悲伤

5.lead role 主角

6. mark the beginning of 标志…的开始

7. play the role of 扮演…的角色

8. during ones lifetime 在某人的一生中

9. pass away 去世

10. enter the film industry 进入行业

11.in the last row 在最后一排

12.film festival 节

13.cinema guide 指南

14.bring sth alive on screen把…的鲜活形象搬上荧幕

15. ticket price 票价

16. fall in love with sb 爱上某人

17. suitable for all ages 老幼皆宜

18. full of mysteries 充满谜团



1. lead 作名词时,意为“主角;榜样;领先”如例句 1、2。

2. lead 作动词时,意为“引路;带领;导致”此时它常有“lead sb + 介词短语 / 副词”和“lead sb to do sth”两种结构,分别意为“把某人带到某地”和“导致某人做某事”如例句 3、4。

3. lead to 也是常用结构,意为“通向;导致”其中 to 是介词,后面跟名词或动词-ing形式,如例句 5。


1. Richard played the lead in the new film.


2. As a monitor, you should take the lead ineverything.


3. The girl is leading a blind man through abridge.


4. What led him to act like a lunatic?


5. His hard work led to passing the exam.



1. mark 作名词,意为“标示;记号;符号”等,如例句 1、2。

2. mark 还可以作动词,意为“做记号;做标记”如例句 3。


1. You can make marks on the sentences youcant understand.


2. Make a mark on your new textbooks.


3. Ive marked the pages you need to look at.

★peace & peaceful & peacefully

1. peace 是名词,意为“和平;宁静”如例句 1。

2. peaceful 是其形容词形式,意为“宁静的;和平的”如例句 2。

3. peacefully 是其副词形式,意为“宁静地;和平地”如例句 3。


1. We lived in peace for three years.


2. They hope to achieve their goal by peacefulmeans.


3. A quarrel cant solve any problem, so youshould try to solve the problem peacefully.





Step 1 写作任务

假设你叫李芳,你很喜欢看。上周你在学校社团看了一部名叫《霸 王别姬》 的电 影 ,请 以“Seeing Farewell My Concubine”为题,写一篇观后感。要求:80 词左右。

Step 2 常用句型

★ 可能用到的短语:hold a film activity,get married with ...

★ 可能用到的句型:It was directed by ...;It tells us that ...

Step 3 思路点拨


Step 4 范文展示

Seeing Farewell My Concubine

Our school film club is holding a film activity.We saw Farewell My Concubinelast week. It was directed by Kaige Chen and it won some awards. Its about the story of two young men who decided to play inFarewell My Concubinein life. But both of them had different opinions about the play and different ideas about life. Then one of the young men got married with another girl.

In the end, neither of them had a happylife. The film tells us that we should be brave in our life because life in the world is not easy!


1.go missing 不知去向;失踪

2.tell the truth 说实话

3.chief detective 探长

4.have enemies 有敌人

5.a well-paid job 待遇丰厚的工作

6.offer a reward of 有酬金

7. a computer engineer 一个电脑工程师

8. medium height 中等身高

9. break into 强行闯入

10. lead to 导致

12.elderly couple 老夫妻

13.turn out 结果是

14.have nothing to do with 与…无关

15.in a hurry 迅速;匆忙

16. a man of great wealth 拥有巨额财富的人

17. no criminal record 没有犯罪记录

18. safety tips 安全小贴士

19. guard against sth 防范某事


★true & truth

1. true 为形容词,意为“真实的;真的”常用短语“come true”意为“变为现实”如例句 1、2。

2. truth 是 true 的名词形式,意为“事实;真相”常用短语“tell the truth”意为“说实话”如例句 3、4。


1. How much of your memory is true?


2. You can make that dream come true.


3. He looked as if he knew the truth.


4. Thanks for your coffee, but to tell the truth Iprefer tea to coffee.



1. guess 用作动词,意为“猜;猜测”可作及物动词或者不及物动词,如例句 1、2。

2. guess 还可以加 that 引导的宾语从句,其中that 可以省略,如例句 3。

3.“I guess”用作口语,意为“我想”表示打算做某事,如例句 4。

4.“I guess so / not”也用作口语,意为“我想是的/我想不是”如例句 5。

5. guess 还可用作名词,意为“猜测”如例句 6。


1. What star sign are you? No, let me guess.


2. You can guess what happened next.


3. I guess (that) Jimmy White is lying.


4. I“m tired, so I guess I”ll stay at home tonight.


5. — Youre a lucky guy. 你是个幸运的家伙。

I guess so. 我想是的。

6. It had been a lucky guess. That was all.



suppose 是及物动词,意为“猜想;假定;料想”常用用法如下:

1.“suppose + that 从句”表示“猜测;认为”如例句 1。

2.“suppose +名词 / 代词+ 介词短语”表示“猜测某人 / 某物在…”如例句 2。

3.“suppose +名词 / 代词+to be”表示“猜想某人是…”如例句 3。

4.“be supposed to”表示“应该”如例句 4。


1. I suppose (that) he is right.


2. He supposed his friend in the library.

3. She supposed her sister to be in the park.


4. I am supposed to start work at everymorning.






Step 1 写作任务

假设你叫王明明,是一名九年级的学生。你很喜欢看侦探小说,请根据本单元所学的知识,以“A detective story”为话题,写一篇英语短文。要求:80 词左右。

Step 2 常用句型

★ 可能用到的短语:come back, break into,call the police ...

★ 可能用到的句型:be surprised to see ...;be sure that ...; Who stole ...?

Step 3 思路点拨


Step 4 范文展示

Mr Li was surprised to see the door was openwhen he came back home from work. He was sure that someone had broken into thehouse. So he went into the room and checked everything carefully. He found his computerand his wifes necklace missing. He decided to call the police. When he was calling the police, a man with dark glasses rushed and hurt him with a knife. After ten minutes, his wife found him lying on the ground and sent him to the hospital. Who stole the things?

The police are trying to find the truth.

声 明

校 对:姜 珊

审 核:贾丹彤

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